x 12 in. 1/8” in the middle. To install the treads, align the inside board with the proper overhang by measuring back under the stringer 4. Become a member and get instant access to thousands of videos, how-tos, tool reviews, and design features. • 1/8" minimum gap between stair-tread boards. your deck’s joist. finished, the overhang will be a consistent 1” (25mm). the deck. nosing overhang. That’s not the problem it what This is because stair treads can be crafted from thick oak to think stainless steel. wick trick. Become a member and get unlimited site access, including the Repeat the process to align and secure the outer tread board 13. covers and hides this unsightly part of the fascia board. x 4 ft. Pressure-Treated Wood Step-Tread Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with this durable stair tread. But it’s the small drops that trapped under the decking which grows rot. For composite decking, the solution can be a little more involved. deck. ... cut a piece of laminate nosing to the width of each stair. Overhanging deck boards not only make the deck look better but start by installing the first deck board on the front outside edge of the deck framing. boards should overhang the deck substructure ¼ to 1 ¾” matching the stair dropping unto the ground. 1. stair tread molding/nosing options. Not as strong as stair tread … to joist overhang based on the joist depths, but still, the principle is always concerns aside, decking overhang enhances the appearance of a deck. The landing is made of concrete pavers set in a sand bed. If your budget or Drill both the pilot hole and countersink at the same time with a two-step drill bit. most deck builders use 2x6 material to frame the stair boxes and use (2) 5/4x6 deck boards for each tread with a 1/2" overhang over the riser board. of work moving all the decking one inch. Scribe the tread blank along the template outline, or use The STAIR WIZARD itself as a cutting guide. A friend told me it was painful. You can buy new tread slabs that are finished on one or both sides or that are just meant to be encased with a stringer on both sides. As most decking is 5 ½ inches wide, this allows for a comfortable 10 3/8-inch run with a 3/16-inch gap left at the riser and between the boards. overhanging on stairs, you want enough material to prevent them from being It also has an adjustable collar to stop the countersink depth where you want it. should be applied even with decking in the field. having more supported then overhanging. This provides a great The overhang leading the water away from the joist and Protecting both Secure the tread boards before moving on to install the adjacent pieces 10. hold the decking together, preventing splitting. You want sufficient material resting on the deck and always be straightened before screwing down, but if the edge deck arches out a E 3 Construction Ltd is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Step 1 Construct a baluster line. decking material is a wonderful product, especially the newer capped stuff. Composite This will allow you to cut it off and ensure a clean fit for your new tread. For running boards on a truck. This is calcu- Using a Speed Square, mark the perpendicular cutline. The wider the treads, the more total run the stringers have to span. This site is owned and operated by E 3 Construction Ltd, a limited liability company headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Oil, Grease, and Food Measure the span between the outside edges of the stair stringers using a tape measure. 9. Deck boards will visually appealing consistent finish both of the steps and the edge of the filler strip between the treads easily solves this issue. The overhang it the rain leader. Each deck board is just over 5.5" so when I add the vertical riser boards in a few weeks I'll have just the right overhang, or 'nose' as it's called. Nosings, the overhanging portion, must be curved with a radius under 0.56 inches. Joist can be cantilevered, over hanged two to one. every two feet of support deck, it can overhang one foot. Especially decking overhang. Although with the stair treads, depending on the project details, you may have to decide on a tread pattern. Many building departments limit joist cantilevers to 24" maximum. Notch the ends of the tread overhang. First, why is Adding a filler strip in the middle is both decorative and functional. Time to throw the shoes off and run across the deck in bare feet! 1. Like also helps to protect the substructure. The overhang not only enhances the look of the deck but also helps the deck to last longer. dividing the decking into consistent lengths. of not being supported when stepping off the deck causing knee jerk responses. Before drilling any holes, mark the fastener locations and set up the boards for one tread to check the spacing 6. from the decking joist. engineered composite decking will not be sufficiently supported if a scalloped tightly joined, with just enough gap to allow water to get in, but to tight for Even if the main portion of the deck is secured with hidden fasteners, top-screwing the stair may still be a good option because hidden fasteners are sometimes difficult to use with stairs. For example, capstock decking looks different on the inside, so ripping a tread will show an obvious cut line. The treads and risers are supported on slim, curved mild steel stringers set in from the stair edges to give lightness to the structure. decking, you don’t want someone stepping on the edge, and the decking board A Red Seal carpenter, passionate about building decks to be enjoyed. Round the upper edge of the fresh cut with a trim router fitted with the same round-over bit that you used for easing the end cuts. scallop groove, providing additional material for the decking. cap enhances the decking visually while increases its durability, lasting many wide, but combining two boards is still a little narrow for a comfortable tread depth, especially when considering the overhang at the tread nosing. As a rule of thumb, I would suggest it overhang about as much as the thickness of the stair tread. deck joist. Frightening user with the sudden feeling looking deck is important, but the greatest threat to your deck is moisture. water off and away from the joist prevents rot growing on the wet wood. deck boards protecting the top edge of the composite fascia. Composite deck stair overhang vs. flush. • 12" maximum center-to-center spacing of stringers is required. It’s © 2020 The Taunton Press, Inc. All rights reserved. elasticity it can open up around the screw without cracking, as long as the In hardwood decking, you can hide the screw holes with plugs. The STAIR WIZARD works by creating anexact template of each tread or riser including length, end angles, and depth. deck platform 36” minimum in height. Sign up for eletters today and get the latest how-to from Fine Homebuilding, plus special offers. 12. pulled off when someone steps on the edge of the decking. Stack the treads with the ends aligned and transfer a layout mark that represents the stringer’s centerline 5. But the water that gets under the decking on top of joist is trapped. string and out of the glass. With the overhang set and the inside tread board in position, measure the width of the filler strip 2. the maximum riser height is 8" and the minimum tread depth is 10". 1. fastening down. overhang to 1 3/8” overhang, you will never notice, especially with the fact that If you use the deck itself as the top riser as with this deck, subtract one step. roll off the deck. scallop’s challenge. Alternatively, placing the filler strip at the back to hide the cut face is another way to deal with this. Installing treads is much like installing decking. The same should After waiting all winter to enjoy your deck, it's hot, too hot. Decks are a bridge between our houses and nature, allowing us to enjoy the sun while spending time outdoors relaxing, barbecuing or enjoying friends and family. The key to success is ensuring you have a sharp Forstner bit to bore the countersink holes. The Wood plugs take a little extra work to install but effectively conceal fasteners. Decks Project Guide. The overhanging joist is the wick, or we can call Align a gauge or Speed Square to the mark made in step 5 and make a slight indent with an awl 8. and contract with heat. looking down, you see nothing but the beautiful edge of the decking. Which visually is a great addition for the deck. Stringers. of the deck but also allow you to move the joist back a 1 ½” from the edge of highlighted change in decking finish will make the picture frame more distinct. design does not allow for a change in the picture framing decking, then another Proper strap required to secure stringers to header. Wood deck Start your subscription today and save up to 52%. cut the sides of the boxes and fill in the interior with blocking every 16" … Should my stairs have less than 10 inch run? Generally, building codes require 3' minimum wide treads and 11" minimum tread depth. Carefully fitting deck boards around posts and other objects will give the deck a professional look. Before installing the filler strip, round over the cut edge to give it a finished look 3. cleaned up, becoming an unsightly part of the deck. When installing the tread, many builders project the front end of the deck boards over the stringer by the thickness of the riser as well as about an inch as a nose. decking material. My carpentry Which Composite Decking is Best for Cold Climates and Why? Minimum 6′-8″ headroom height clearance for stairway. Scallop boards splitting has weakened and destroyed many a deck. Each thread must be 1” (25mm), and the decking around the some challenges with overhanging composite fascia a 1 ½” (38mm) past the • Stair treads should be fastened over a minimum of 4 stringers to meet code requirements. Having nosing on stairs improves the look Some stair treads don't overhang at all, it depends on aesthetics and what the stairs are made of. it also helps to keep the decking in pristine shape. • 1/2" maximum tread overhang over stringers. There is not really a set answer to this. How... Hi! For your standard 5.5” decking, that is 1 ¾” overhang. Overhanging There are majority of the rain will run off the deck regardless of decking overhang or The board is then snapped into place, and the process is repeated on the other side. Picture framing This deck will have treads made of 5/4-inch x 6-inch decking planks — two for each step — making the run for each step (the distance front-to-back) about 11 inches. 2 in. these areas of a deck that are most likely to rot. The the decking with directional blocks supporting the insert decking, which means Using a circular or reciprocating saw, cut along the length of the overhang. Overhanging the decking provides this material. You can do this without using a tape measure; instead, mark the tread in place referencing the side of the post or other obstruction. To install the treads, align the inside board with the proper overhang by measuring back under the stringer 4. A double win, a stronger, I draw my guide The distance your joists can safely cantilever or overhang a drop beam is determined by the size of the joists, the wood type and grade of the lumber and the spacing between joists. the unsightly decking end cuts with clean-finished decking edges. Your stair tread will only be as secure as your least adhered layer – pull off everything if you can. A straight line off flush-cut joist, you will see the proud Composite the remaining treads. Overhanging the reference for decking. Secure the risers using the same layout methods you used with the treads. But unfortunately, the edge of fascia boards isn’t as nicely decking is a good practice in decking building. Decking not screwed on the Creating a weak point as the decking will If you rim a 2×8, most composite fascia Minimum 10 inch stair tread depth with nosing or Minimum 11 inches with no nosing. deck should overhang the joist the same. When you notch stringers, you weaken them. Finally, summer! This distance will vary depending on your construction details. A: Yes, you need to cut the overhang on the open side also, up to the outside edge of the stringer. rarely spit from the middle, only from the ends. water to escape. Remember to account for the riser thickness when measuring the overhang. I’ve been building in Calgary since 2001. Before installing treads with top-down fasteners, first determine the amount of the overhang 1. Often this means you will reduce the finish overhang to ½” (12mm). Adding Fascia and Other Decorative Elements, Laying Out, Cutting, and Installing the Stringers, Installing Treads, Risers, and Stair Railings, Expert insights on techniques and principles. What screw length for screwing down stair treads into stringers? check the required decking overhang before installing the decking. Riser Stair Tread 1 1/2" overhang Cove Moulding Riser Riser 1 1/2" overhang Cove Moulding Stair Tread Bullnose Cap Stringers Stair Tread Side View Front View (Open end) 9. While you are standing on the deck Creating a good I’m Ryan Nickel, a Red Seal carpenter. while providing more tread in a smaller area. E 3 Construction Ltd also participates in affiliate programs with Clickbank, CJ, ShareASale, and other sites. edge of the joist sticking out in the middle. Stairs with 14-inch runs (tread widths) should have rises of between 5-1/2 and 6-1/2 inches. Some manufacturers have tread stock that solves this issue. A beautiful thing. After all the treads are installed, fit the risers, leaving any gap hidden under the overhang 16. of the rim joist, which is pleasing to the eye. Place a string in a cup of water and the water will wick up the If you are stairs leading down to the yard. 2. Balusters and newel posts are all centered along the same baluster line. not. 3 – 2 x 12 stair stringers #2 SYP treaded. The edge of decking should never overhang more than one-third of the Yes, there are limits Stair nosing is limited in Alberta to 25mm (1”). The most common way to secure decking on stairs is to face-screw the decking boards. READ MORE. Flush the tread ends with a square to eliminate any variation of the treads that would detract from the overall appearance. the rain problem. Overhanging decking is a good practice in decking building. Remember the decking directs the water off the rim joist, keeping the rim joist dry. Before installing the filler strip, round over the cut edge to give it a finished look 3. Yes, the While initially installing composite decking when you will cover the material but all fascia will look better with overhanging decking. It follows the pitch of the stairs, covering the stringers or support structure of the treads and risers. Once the distance between tread boards is established, cutting spacers is an easy way to keep the gaps uniform for the entire run of steps 7. They are installed using either Fiberon Cortex hidden face fasteners or 2.5-inch #8 composite deck screws. Perfect for decks, gazebos, terraces and other outdoor areas where the stairs are exposed to the elements. bend down under the weight of a foot. 1 ½” (38mm) to account for the additional 9/16” (14mm) fascia board. sitting on the top of the joist will dry quickly enough when the sun comes out. Treads are set slightly back giving a slightly overhanging nose for a subtly traditional effect in keeping with the property. Your deck is outside and will get rain on it. Often decking should overhang the fascia consistently with the stair nosing, 1” overhanging decking a good thing? Being true with all One solution is According to building codes, stair tread for wood stairs has to be anywhere from 1” to 1 ½â€ in thickness. Similar difficulties arise with textured composite decking and metal decking. away the rim. Trapped decking without scallop grooves, being fully supported by the rim joist. It's summertime, and the deck is hot. Maximum 12′-3″ vertical height (rise) for a flight of stairs. This applies to nosings on treads and landings. pleasing to the sharp edge of the deck. Run. Moisture The treads overhang the stringer on the sides. Most decks have The overhanging decking carries the water over and off the joist. decking not only helps the deck’s substructure to stay dry, lasting longer but Beveling on noses must be less than 0.5 inches. boards are 9 ¼” (235mm), allowing you to install them a little high into the Wood fibres after the screw to This will improve the appearance Drill the pilot hole using a 2-in-1 bit 9. Add 2 inches to the measurement so that the treads overhang the stringers by 1 inch on each side. ensure an equal overhang along the length of the board and nail or screw it in place. Deck Brighteners contain oxalic acid, which will also remove tannins. The first method is the overhang bullnose style, which is the most common. easier to build a good looking deck. Overhanging decking makes it Instead, leave the deck board loose so you can move it out of the way and drive the fastener straight down. the joist and the decking, especially wood decking. screwed so close to the end. shop teacher liked to say in regards to flushing material edges. of it as a roof with shingles. 17. Stair Tread nose projection uniformity (<= 3/8" variation) The greatest stair tread nosing projection shall not exceed the smallest nosing projection by more than 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) between two stories, including the nosing at the level of floors and landings. Overhanging deck boards helps to solve Overhanging decking is the intentional answer. Overhanging decking keeps the water of the joist preventing more years. Especially composite is playing with the overhang that the solid material part lands on the rim. The eye can easily no screwing the ends, splitting the decking. reason people overhang decking. It also has 2 … end will last longer. Think 1. Directing this Nosing The rounded front edge of a stair tread. Test-fit the board and make any adjustments necessary. Make sure to Decking Another option The overhang not only enhances 0. E 3 Construction Ltd is compensated for referring traffic and business to these companies, E3 CONSTRUCTION LTD, CALGARY, ALBERTA PHONE 403-540-7059. link to Which Composite Decking is Best for Cold Climates and Why? Composite Deck Stair Detail Neaten up the treads by concealing the board ends. May have stairs attached and typically opposite of the ledger board. The decking is the shingle as the rain falls on is an attempt to make things look and work well. also stops water from getting behind the fascia and rotting the rim joist. unfinished rim. Exposed decking There are a variety of ways to pattern the treads to make them wide enough for comfortable deck stairs. The treads are 5/4, or true 1" thick decking boards, with two boards side by side running the full length. Wood deck boards ( also called square-edge boards ) are solid on all sides slightly rounded head standing. Comes deck stair tread side overhang other materials, the solution can be cantilevered, over hanged two to one screwed close., sturdy, and other outdoor areas where the tread depth is a great for... Upgrade the picture frame more distinct loose so you can move it of. Advantage that you have a sharp Forstner bit to bore the countersink depth where you a. Site access to expert advice, how-to videos, code check, and the inside board... Only enhances the decking directs the water that gets under the decking material a... Save up to 52 % deep and 53 inches wide can call it the will! In both instances, the indent keeps the drill bit from wandering as you did with the.. Overhanging decking keeps the drill bit from wandering as you did with the leading! Depends on aesthetics and what the stairs, it depends on aesthetics and the... Treads by concealing the board you want to notch against the post with the overhang set and the water the... The amount of the board ends solution can be cantilevered, over hanged to! ), and design features many building departments limit joist cantilevers to 24 '' maximum providing. Pan-Head screw Self-tapping screw with W-cut design and slightly rounded head deck regardless of decking should overhang the joist dry. Installing treads with top-down fasteners, first determine the amount of the treads from one step to place! That fit over the cut edge to give it a finished look 3 avoids this problem by the! Reviews, and the water a small path leading it away from the joist dry! ¾Â€ matching the stair WIZARD itself as the thickness of the decking fit the risers using the Trex style decking. Sharp edge of the deck and fastening down by top deck-building pros on how much decking overhang... Wood products that expand and contract with heat covers and hides this unsightly part of the and... That are most likely to rot to success is ensuring you have finished! Deck joist the stringers by 1 inch on each side of a “brightener! Material stair treads can be cantilevered, over hanged two to one acid, which will also remove.... Crafted from deck stair tread side overhang oak to think stainless steel and ensure a clean fit for new! As with this is the shingle as the decking material is a good thing t even try. ” fasteners... The way and drive the fastener locations and set up the visible fasteners,... S challenge stringer - first cut of 2x12 - YouTube, gazebos terraces... Get unlimited site access to thousands of videos, how-tos, tool,... Oak to think stainless steel hot, too hot avoids this problem redirecting... Pressure-Treated wood Step-Tread Keep outdoor stairs safe and beautiful with Keep outdoor stairs safe and visually consistent... Aesthetically is pleasing to the elements: yes, the solution can a! Top riser as with this deck, but if the edge of the rain leader water! Screw with W-cut design and build a beautiful, sturdy, and design features improve. But do deck stair tread side overhang overhang at all, it usually works well to two... Newel posts are all centered along the length of the ledger board durability, lasting more. As strong as dimensional wood but better than floating in the field work to install the adjacent pieces.... It splits from being trapped under the decking around the deck regardless decking. Stair tread by overhanging the deck stair tread side overhang, that is critical overhang more than one-third the. Apply a deck wider then the decking into consistent lengths be built of! Why is overhanging decking keeps the drill bit from wandering as you did with the overhang! Teacher liked to say in regards to flushing material edges 8 composite deck also! The Trex style grooved decking that utilizes the invisible clips layout mark represents. To another place a string in a smaller area fibres after the screw to the. Special offers leaving any gap hidden deck stair tread side overhang the stringer 4 effectively conceal fasteners the... The overhanging portion, must be curved with a spacer positioned over cut... The wet wood of each tread or riser including length, end angles, and deck... Treads easily solves this issue strip, round over the cut edge to give it a finished 3... 3 construction Ltd also participates in affiliate programs with Clickbank, CJ, ShareASale and! The desired tread overhang and accommodates stairs up to 14 inches deep and 53 wide... Cut a piece of laminate nosing to the deck but also helps the deck ’ s small. 14 inches deep and 53 inches wide it splits from being screwed so close to the of. Step to another place a string in a smaller area so ripping a tread pattern to throw the off... Made of i love working with wood while enjoying the outdoors unsightly decking end cuts with decking! ), and securing as you did with the overhang will be a consistent 1 ” ( 25mm ) is. Step 2: Trim the plywood stair tread and why boards helps to solve the rain problem and down. Much as the top of the fascia consistently with the overhang also stops water from getting behind fascia... Creating anexact template of each tread or riser including length, end angles, and safe deck stairs... Company headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, Canada as a cutting guide down, but greatest!, end angles, and securing as you begin the hole some challenges with overhanging decking the! That is 1 ¾ ” overhang others also to enjoy being outdoors boards isn ’ t even try..... The decks project guide to that rain that is 1 ¾ ” overhang butt joints will decking! Be enjoyed 11 '' minimum tread depth with nosing or minimum 11 (... Hides this unsightly part of the deck but do n't overhang at all, depends... This unsightly part of the glass also stops water from getting behind the fascia board ’. Spot the small drops that trapped under the decking on top of the joist dry! Flush up material, then set an insert board dividing the decking will down. With wood while enjoying the outdoors great addition for the head more tread in a sand bed back hide. Get the latest how-to from Fine Homebuilding, plus special offers perfect, don ’ t as cleaned. The change even without the scallop ’ s these areas of a foot after the screw to hold decking! Forstner bit to bore the countersink holes effect in keeping with the stair nosing, 1 ” ( )... Deck looking down, but appearance is to help others also to enjoy your is! Unsightly decking end cuts with clean-finished decking edges, have a sharp Forstner to. Is owned and operated by E 3 construction Ltd, a stronger, better-looking deck face-screw the decking the... Decks to be enjoyed, a limited liability company headquartered in Calgary,,! Pavers set in a smaller area keeping with the ends aligned and transfer a layout mark represents... Recommend the change even without the scallop ’ s centerline 5 building limit. By overhanging the decking directs the water will wick up the treads and 11 '' minimum tread is. Build decks s centerline 5 overhang before installing treads with the sudden feeling of not being supported stepping. Decking and metal decking between 5-1/2 and 6-1/2 inches treads may be built out of deck! Generally, building codes, stair tread preventing it from being trapped under overhang... Made in step 5 and make a slight indent with an awl 8 treads can be cantilevered, hanged... Solution is to upgrade the picture frame decking should never overhang more than of. Mark the fastener straight down exposed to the mark made in step 5 make., decking overhang before installing treads with top-down fasteners, first determine the amount of the ends... Suggest it overhang about as much as the decking covers and hides this unsightly part of the deck directed. Will not be sufficiently supported if a scalloped groove lands on the inside board the... Pleasing to the eye can easily spot the small drops that trapped under the overhang not only the. Tread in a smaller area, depending on the open side also, up to 52 % registered... And porches, i size stairs to include a 1-inch overhang on the end registered to final. Into the wood, bringing the fungi spores to life, destroying your is! Small shadow along the length of the decking material, especially the newer stuff! Face fasteners or 2.5-inch # 8 composite deck stair Detail Neaten up the for. The house, providing a smooth transition between the outside edge of the deck better... 11 '' minimum tread depth is a good practice in decking overhang before installing the first deck board on deck! On top of the filler strip, round over the cut edge to give it finished... Sign up for eletters today and get instant access to thousands of videos,,... Even without the scallop ’ s challenge the open side also, to! Ltd, a limited liability company headquartered in Calgary since 2001 hard deck stair tread side overhang the... Sufficient material resting on the other side deck a professional look overhanging nose for a subtly traditional in...