Local Common Names Germany: Aegyptische Baumwollraupe; Asiatischer Baumwollwurm; Baumwollblattraupe; Baumwollraupe, Aegyptische; India: ladde purugu; telugu Israel: haprodenia Italy: larva bruna con macchie vellutate Japan: hasumon-yoto Netherlands: eiernestrups Turkey: pamuk yaprak kurdu Taro cluster caterpillar, taro armyworm, tobacco cutworm, tropical armyworm. The larvae also feeds on the developing seeds in capitulum. Remove leaves with egg masses or young caterpillars - this is an effective control measure. In this fact sheet, it is assumed to be Spodoptera exigua. The common cutworm, Spodoptera litura Fabricius is a leaf and fruit feeding generalist insect of the order Lepidoptera and a destructive agriculture pest. Bibliographic References. It was first discovered in North America about 1876, when it was found in Oregon, and it reached Florida in 1924. They are attracted to light. However, Viette (1962) demonstrated that S. littoralis is a species separate from S. litura. Identification notes for Spodoptera litura and Spodoptera littoralis and some native Spodoptera moths - USDA APHIS PPQ; Steps for the dissection of male Spodoptera moths and notes on distinguishing S. litura and S. littoralis from native Spodoptera species - USDA APHIS PPQ; Data Sheets on Quarantine Pests - European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization Genus Spodoptera. 1999: Handbook of the New Zealand Insect Names: Common and Scientific Names for Insects and Alllied Organisms. S. littoralis is found widely in Africa, Mediterranean Europe and Middle Eastern countries. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Spodoptera litura on capsicum, under protected cropping. Different species in the Genus and their common names. Spodoptera litura Name Synonyms Noctua litura Fabricius, 1775 Prodenia litura (Fabricius, 1775) Homonyms Spodoptera litura Fabricius, 1775 Common names Asian Cotton Leafworm in English 斜紋夜盜蛾 in language. The relatively high egg viability and fecundity values observed are common for Spodoptera species. 2016 ). Cutwormsand armyworms attack a number of crops and may cause significant damagedepending on severity of infestation. It is recorded from Fiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga. They are only needed when the natural enemies have been destroyed by cyclones, droughts, or when plantings are in isolated places. Spodoptera litura is an important polyphagous insect pest that causes widespread economic damage to vegetables and other crops, including ornamental plants in tropical and subtropical regions. In this fact sheet, it is assumed to be Spodoptera exigua. Use plant-derived products, such as neem, derris, pyrethrum and chilli (with the addition of soap), or commercial products that contain disease-causing organisms, such as spinosad (Success) and Bt -. At the very least, it could cause an increase in the use of insecticides on various hosts to control it. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand 12: 100pp. Normally, the caterpillars are well controlled by their natural enemies, but occasionally, especially after natural disasters, such as cyclones, droughts, or where gardens are isolated, outbreaks occur, and these can be severe. Photo 8. EPPO Code: PRODLI. ), Myzus persicae (Sulz.) Spodoptera litura is a serious cosmopolitan polyphagous pest of vegetables as well as pulse crops. Produced with support from the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research under project PC/2010/090: Strengthening integrated crop management research in the Pacific Islands in support of sustainable intensification of high-value crop production, implemented by the University of Queensland and the Secretariat of the Pacific Community. Caterpillars of Spodoptera litura have eaten through the leaf of Alocasia macrorrhizos, from the under surface, leaving the top waxy layer. Egg mass and young caterpillars of Spodoptera litura eating the underside of the CULTURAL CONTROLIt is important that growers visit their gardens frequently and regularly, twice a week is recommended, to check if there are egg masses and young caterpillars on the leaves. Lu Y, Yuan M, Gao X, et al. cotton cutworm, Spodoptera litura. In the tropics of Asia and Oceania. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of New Zealand 12: 100pp. In the tropics of Asia and Oceania.            Scientific name: Spodoptera litura Fabricius Common name: Armyworm/ cluster caterpillar: Scientific name: Spodoptera exigua Common name: Common cutworm/beet army worm . Thus, overwintering is generally limited to Arizona, Florida, and Texas. After hatching, the caterpillars stay together (hence the name "cluster caterpillar"). Taro cluster caterpillar has a wide host range, attacking many vegetables - cabbages, cassava, chilli, eggplant, maize, okra, rice, sweetpotato, tomato, watercress, and taro. Synthetic pyrethroids are likely to be effective, but will also kill natural enemies. The larvae feed on the tender leaves, shoots, bracts and petals. Preferred Name Spodoptera litura (Fabricius, 1775) Taxon Concept NZOR Concept Id 5110332b-efc4-42e8-8da8-74cc214ca753 According to Scott, R.R. Category: Spodoptera litura. The cream to golden-brown egg masses (4-7 mm diameter) are covered with hairy scales from the tip of the abdomen of the female. Pest Management Science, 66 1273-1279. Mature caterpillar of Hosts This fact sheet is a part of the app Pacific Pests and Pathogens. If the eggs are laid on a plant that is inedible, the young caterpillars drop silken threads and are carried on the wind to other potential hosts. The moths can fly up to 1.5 km a night. Later, the larvae spread in the field causing defoliation. Spodoptera litura. Photo 1. Spodoptera litura Name Synonyms Noctua litura Fabricius, 1775 Prodenia litura (Fabricius, 1775) Homonyms Spodoptera litura Fabricius, 1775 Common names Asian Cotton Leafworm in English 斜紋夜盜蛾 in language. fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda. This differs from S. littoralis , which has the MD setae in a curved line, P2 more widely spaced from each other than P1, a square shaped mandible, and the apex of the spinneret pointed. Tobacco caterpillar : Spodoptera litura: Symptoms of damage. For definitive identification, it is necessary to dissect adult male internal parts. Egg: Egg masses appear golden brown. In the tropics of Asia and Oceania. Hosts The body of the moth is grey-brown, 15-20 mm long, with a wingspan of 30-40 mm (Photo 5). Common Name. southern armyworm, Spodoptera eridania. Nishida, Gordon M., ed, 2002: null. It is recorded from Fiji, Samoa, Solomon Islands, and Tonga. Spodoptera litura. CHEMICAL CONTROLPesticides are not normally recommended for the control of this moth on taro. 1999: Handbook of the New Zealand Insect Names: Common and Scientific Names for Insects and Alllied Organisms. Spodoptera litura has the MD setae in a straight line on the head, P2 almost dorsad of P1, a rectangular mandible, and the apex of the spinneret rounded. Widespread. Economic Importance . 27: Ahmad, M., and Mehmood R. (2015). The beet armyworm originated in Southeast Asia. Taro cluster caterpillar, taro armyworm, tobacco cutworm, tropical armyworm. Authority: (Fabricius) Other scientific names. Photo 2. Preferred name: Spodoptera litura. Cited by 66 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]). Jump to navigation Jump to search. (a fly), and many more. It rarely overwinters in areas where frost kills its host plants. Common Name. Alternatively, destroy the eggs and/or caterpillars by rubbing them with a hand or another leaf. Field resistance of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to organophosphates, pyrethroids, carbamates and four newer chemistry insecticides in Hunan, China. ; Emberson, R.M. Note that the species on onion has not been identified in Pacific islands where damage to shallots has been seen. Nishida, Gordon M., ed, 2002: null. Photo 7. In most cases the entire leaf does not have to be destroyed, only that part containing the eggs or caterpillars. Note that the species on onion has not been identified in Pacific islands where damage to shallots has been seen. Egyptian cotton leafworm, Mediterranean brocade. Class: Insecta: Order: Lepidoptera: Family: Noctuidae . Mangaia: fieldspecimen+photo, to light at Ivirua motel, 2006/5, G.McCormack with ID as Spodoptera litura. The forewings are grey to reddish brown with a strongly variegated pattern. Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuoidea: Noctuidae: Hadeninae. Spodoptera litura (Fabricius) Taxonomic position. The common cutworm (CCW, Spodoptera litura Fabricius) is one of the most serious pests of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). As a polyphagous species, this pest has the potential to invade new areas and to adapt to new host plants. This page was last modified on 1 September 2017, at 04:45. Bibliographic References. Spodoptera litura is an extremely serious pest, the larvae of which can defoliate many economically important crops. Android Edition 2008 , Montezano et al. PloS one, 2013, 8(7): e68059. The hindwings are greyish-white with grey margins. The caterpillars moult five times during 15-30 days, depending on the temperature. Effects of four host plants on susceptibility of Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae to five insecticides and activities of detoxification esterases. Photo 3. The broad host range of the herbivore is due to its ability to downregulate plant defense across different plants. Scientific Name. ; Emberson, R.M. 2013b , 2014a , 2015b , Specht et al. litura: Taro caterpillar • S. mauritia: Lawn armyworm. (wasp), Palexorista sp. However, it is possible that the damage is caused by Spodopter litura, taro cluster caterpillar (see Fact Sheet no. Later, they become solitary and eat all the leaf, including the petioles. Qin H, Ye Z, Huang S, Ding J, Luo R (2004) The correlations of the different host plants with preference level, life duration and survival rate of Spodoptera litura (Fabricius). The mobile application is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. Basic information. Common names. NATURAL ENEMIESThese include egg parasites - Telenomus nawai; and larval parasites - Apanteles marginiventris (wasp), Peribaea orbata (a fly), Chelonus sp. There have bright yellow stripes along the top of the body. Spodoptera littoralis and S. litura were regarded as the same species under the name Prodenia litura Fabricius.Viette (1962) reviewed the species and suggested that there are two separate species S. littoralis and S. litura. Pukapuka: fieldspecimen+photo of caterpillar, 2/2004, G.McCormack with ID as probably Spodoptera litura . Common cutworm, beet armyworm. Look for the damage done by the adults as they eat leaf blades and petioles. Journal of … Vernacular names [ edit wikidata 'Category:Spodoptera litura' linked to current category] [ edit wikidata 'Spodoptera litura' main topic of 'Category:Spodoptera litura'] English : Oriental Leafworm Moth. Identification and validation of reference genes for gene expression analysis using quantitative PCR in Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)[J]. Spodoptera litura caterpillars on Basella species under protected cropping. 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