Although the two herbs, shanyao and bixie, are listed in differing parts of the Materia Medica and described differently (the former emphasizing tonic effects, the latter emphasizing "separating effects") it is likely that these two actually have overlapping effects. The sedative action of the herb is due to alkaloids (lotus has sedative action due to alkaloids as well). It is especially used by women. However, research has shown that wild yam may not be effective in treating this condition. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. As with any homeopathic remedy, caution should be taken with the use of Dioscorea villosa. The tuber, like that of the edible yams, is comprised mainly of nutrients stored for plant growth, so it is rich in starch and also contains protein. One of the well-known formulations with tokoro is the Tokoro Combination (Bixie Fenqing Yin), which is comprised of equal parts tokoro, alpinia, acorus, and lindera (4). It has relatively large amounts of diosgenin and related saponins and is used in high doses (15-30 grams). The anti-arthritis effects are probably the same as those mentioned previously for diosgenin.. The suggested method of using Iridoid Complex is to have patients take 1 tablet three times daily (or 2 tablets twice daily) along with another therapy, such as a kidney tonic formula, in order to greatly increase the amount of the key ingredients and better assure effectiveness of the treatment. The types of treatment that you have will depend on the type of cancer you have and how advanced it is. Clinical Summary. • Dioscorea are used for the treatment of Addison’s disease, some allergies, bursitis, contact dermatitis, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, sciatic, Brown Recluse Spider Bites, insect stings, and other diseases and ailments (Foster and Duke, 1990). It is considered an effective herb for hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer, but must be used cautiously as there have been reports of liver damage due to use of this herb. Wild yam was used as a medicinal herb by the Mayans and the Aztecs, possibly as a pain treatment. Other medicinal uses of Dioscorea villosa include the treatment of insomnia, headaches and migraines, asthma, and rheumatoid arthritis. This is accomplished with indigo (. However, no investigations have considered the antimetastatic potential of … The fresh plant can cause severe vomiting, diarrhea, and headache. Bixie is particularly used for treating cloudy urine or a large amount of leukorrhea due to dampness accumulation in the lower burner. The other Chinese herbs relying on species of Dioscorea are used far less often. Anti-inflammatory, wound healing and antioxidant potential of compounds from Dioscorea bulbifera L. bulbils It is generally no longer recommended for use during pregnancy. Wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) is a tuberous perennial vine with greenish-yellow, heart-shaped leaves. Lindera (wuyao) is categorized as a qi regulating herb, but is a close relative of cinnamon, which has the effect of warming the kidney. It does not have the function of clearing heat, but it is able to separate dampness from heat and separate the clean part of water from the turbid part and it is good at eliminating dampness. It is an astringent, a tonic for deficiency of kidneys, and sedative. However, few analytical methods suitable for rapid assessment of constituents of D. japonicarhizomes have been reported. Medicinally, it is commonly used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, pain in the legs and lumbar area, Kashin-Beck disease, bruises, sprains, chronic bronchitis, cough and asthma [2, 5, 6]. The health benefits of Dioscorea are many including benefits in rheumatoid arthritis, muscular rheumatism, cramps and intermittent claudication, cholecystitis, … In the 18th and 19th centuries, herbalists used wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) to treat menstrual cramps and problems related to childbirth, as well as for upset stomach and coughs. The pharmacology of diosgenin and the other steroidal compounds from dioscorea have not been investigated to a great extent (a small amount of investigation was done over 20 years ago); however, the effects may overlap those of many similar compounds found in herbal medicines, especially Chinese herbs (see: Platycodon and other Chinese herbs with triterpene glycosides). This chemical, called diosgenin, was used to manufacture the first oral contraceptive. Air Potato is a good herbal cure for Skin afflictions like Carbuncles, whose outcome is an array of Boils. Syphilis Treatment Iridoid Complex is a modern formulation developed at ITM for the purpose of enhancing the action of other prescribed formulations, especially those that contain the combination of rehmannia, cornus, and dioscorea (shanyao). One of the main proteins, called dioscorin, is being investigated for potential health benefits, including antioxidant activity. Overview. Cuttlefish bone (the bone of a cephalopod similar to the squid) has properties that are much like those of another famous Chinese medicine, mantis egg-case (see the article: Sangpiaoxiao San). Overview Information Bitter yam is a plant that grows in Africa. The most common medicinal use of Dioscorea villosa was for the treatment of female conditions. An Ayurvedic herb, saraca (see: Excessive uterine bleeding), is also helpful for this purpose. The studies of Dioscorea were at first prompted by economic reasons, mostly for the species used as food.The other kind of investigations concerned species containing steroidal sapogenins, of which diosgenin is of special pharmaceutical importance. These herbs together function somewhat like the formula, Clear heat. Dioscorea polystachya has also been used traditionally as a contraceptive and in the treatment of various disorders of the genitary (genital?) Its taste is bitter and its nature is cold. By far the most common is Dioscorea opposita (= Dioscorea batatas), for which the rhizome (tuber) is used; it is called shanyao (mountain herb). It has also been used to treat morning sickness in pregnant women and to ease the … USES: Wild yam has been used for menstrual cramps and discomfort, rheumatoid arthritis, stomach cramps and pain from gallstones. Diosgenin is used as a raw material for pharmaceutical production of steroidal hormones; however, the hormonal activity of the natural compounds is quite weak. Wild yam is found in many parts of the United States, Mexico, and Asia and has been used medicinally for centuries. Dioscorea batatas is a PERENNIAL growing to 3 m (9ft) by 1.5 m (5ft). Some herbal/ diet supplement products have been found to contain possibly harmful … Dioscorea japonicaThunb., traditionally used in folk medicine in Korea for the treatment of hyperglycemia, is known to have biological activity. The formula has three basic therapeutic actions: The three therapeutic actions taken together help alleviate excessive vaginal discharge (whether as leukorrhea or bleeding). α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitors aim to explore novel therapeutic agents. Muscle aches caused due to overexertion, injury, etc. Dioscorea Opposita is used for Estrogen replacement therapy, Vaginal dryness in older women, Premenstrual syndrome, Menstrual cramps, Weak bones, Increasing sexual drive in men and women, Breast enlargement and other conditions. Wikibuy Review: A Free Tool That Saves You Time and Money, 15 Creative Ways to Save Money That Actually Work. Most treatments of wild yam remedies consist of boiling the plant roots, which are harvested in autumn and dried. Huangyaozi is also used to treat eczema and other skin diseases (abscesses, sores, etc.) The plant is not self-fertile. organs as well as for asthma and arthritis (Plants for a Future 1997). It has also been used to treat morning sickness in pregnant women and to ease the pain of childbirth. In the 1950s, scientists discovered that the roots of wild yam (not to be confused with the sweet potato yam) contain diosgenin. This is accomplished with dioscorea as spleen/kidney tonic, boosted by codonopsis and atractylodes for the spleen and dipsacus and fennel for warming the kidney. This plant affords one of the best and fastest cures for bilious colic, it is especially helpful in treating the nausea of pregnant women and has been used to ease the pain of childbirth. Today, the wild yam is still widely used to manufacture this hormone and other steroid drugs. Zhidai means to stop the discharge; dai refers most specifically to a "thready" discharge and is the term often used for leukorrhea, but coagulated blood, as discharged during menstruation, will also produce the condition called dai. Remedies are then given as infusions or the extract is added to creams, ointments, and capsules. These Boils contain Pus and are transmittable. It may also be useful in resolving phlegm-masses, such as occurs with neurofibromatosis. The tonification of the spleen and kidney help to keep the blood within the vessels, aid the circulation of blood in the uterus, and get rid of excess damp; the astringent herbs reduce both blood and fluid discharges; the herbs for clearing heat help prevent the blood from escaping the vessels and reduce infections. GENERIC NAME: WILD YAM (Dioscorea villosa) - ORAL. Like rehmannia, dioscorea nourishes yin; like cornus, it is an essence astringent. Dioscorea villosa (DV) has been used in Brazil as an alternative medicine to attenuate menopause symptoms, as well as for the treatment of joint pain and rheumatoid arthritis. The obstruction in the joints is partly due to stagnation and turbidity of fluids in the joint space. Dampness helps the heat to stagnate and to sink downward; damp-heat syndromes especially affect the lower abdomen (and sometimes the legs). Dioscorea bulbifera rhizome (DBR), termed as "Huangyaozi" in Chinese, has been widely used in the treatment of goiter [19], gastric cancer, and carcinoma of rectum [20, 21]. can be cured with the inclusion of this herb. Herein we report the promises of Dioscorea bulbifera and its bioactive principle, diosgenin as novel α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitor. Contaminating substances combining with the fluid essence produces the condition of "turbidity." This formula is aimed at warming up the kidney (the three other herbs are all warming), clearing away turbidity, and removing dampness. It is in flower from September to October. Itis used for the treatment of rheumatic arthritis and also used as oral contraceptives. Heat causes dampness, which is often associated with swelling and/or discharge, to produce symptoms of itching, burning, and redness; the discharge may become discolored rather than clear or white. Scabicides used to treat human scabies are available only with a doctor’s prescription. Alpinia is a warming kidney tonic that also tonifies the spleen and disperses damp accumulation. So, examples of damp-heat syndromes include infections of the kidney, bladder, large intestine, and reproductive organs. Many practitioners of Chinese herbologyand medicine also believe that problems of frequent urination and incontinenceare related to an imbalance of the yin within the kidney and a weakness of the qi as it relates to that organ. It is valuable in the treatment of Stomach Cancer, due to its Anti Cancerous properties. Furthermore, this herb also enters the lung and kidney meridians, so it effective for tonifying and stabilizing the qi and yin of these organs. The Chinese name is chuangu (river bone), referring to the fact that it is grown in water and its rhizome is white like bone. Chuanshanlong: obtained from Dioscorea nipponica; it is used to vitalize blood and relax tendons, promote fluid metabolism, and disperse phlegm. Herein we report the promises of Dioscorea bulbifera and its bioactive principle, diosgenin as novel α-amylase … Medication Uses | How To Use | Side Effects | Precautions | Drug Interactions | Overdose | Notes | Missed Dose | Storage. Dioscorea opposita has been used to treat fatigue and weakness. The main active constituents in rehmannia and cornus are iridoid glycosides (see typical structure, below) which have numerous potential benefits, including reducing liver inflammation, lowering blood sugar, protecting the retina, and alleviating menopausal conditions, such as hot flashes and osteoporosis. These findings provide more evidence to support the traditional use of D. bulbifera for the treatment of wounds and inflammation. Shanyao is used extensively in formulas for tonifying the kidney, often combined with rehmannia and cornus for that purpose. However, the main active components of dioscorea are steroidal compounds, diosgenin and its variants. When creams made from the root of Dioscorea villosa are applied to a woman's skin, it is thought to trigger the body’s natural progesterone production. Since Qianjin Zhidai Wan comes in differing formulations, and since the package labels for imported Chinese products are often incomplete, the ingredients described below are for ITM's Pine Mountain version, for which the ingredients are correctly specified. In addition, the root of wild yam possesses a chemical similar to the female hormone progesterone. It has the properties of eliminating excess water and promoting a mild sedative effect. Huangyaozi: obtained from Dioscorea bulbifera, it is used to resolve phlegm, and is especially employed in treatments for phlegm-mass of the throat area, namely thyroid swelling (see: Treatments of thyroid diseases with Chinese herbal medicine) and esophageal cancer (5). The most common medicinal use of Dioscorea villosa was for the treatment of female conditions. It is mainly used in cases of arthralgia affecting the lower back and legs. Several studies have established the antitumor effect of D. nipponica Makino extract (DNE). A formulation similar to this one, but with shanyao in place of bixie, is called Suoquan Wan, and is used for treatment of frequent urination or urinary incontinence. Together, these are said to warm the uterus and kidney and to circulate moisture. Its main applications are for regulating menstruation and for alleviating discharge: leukorrhea and excessive uterine bleeding. Wild yam has been used to treat menopausal symptoms. It dissipates lumps and disperses goiter, clears heat, relieves toxicity, cools the blood, stops bleeding and coughing, and calms wheezing. It is from the rhizome of Dioscorea hypoglauca or plants with similar tubers, such D. tokoro and D. septemloba. The tubers Of Dioscorea are use in the management of a number of diseases such as gastrointestinal disorders, sour throat from struma, diarrhea, irritability, antimicrobial, antioxidant, stomachic and hypoglycemic activities [6]. 1 Aim : Aim of the experiment is to isolate and detect the active constituent, diosgenin present in dioscoria. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial metabolic disease characterized by post-prandial hyperglycemia (PPHG). Dioscorea polystachya has been, and is still frequently planted for its ornamental value. Both of those herbs help to treat damp accumulation and heat. This is in the yam family, and the herb is sometimes simply referred to as "Chinese yam.". In spite of the popular use of DV for the treatment of various disorders, there are limited scientific data regarding safety aspects of this herb. α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitors aim to explore novel therapeutic agents. In the description above, the turbidity is made evident in the cloudy urine or the large amount of milky fluid (leukorrhea), and this is associated here with accumulation of damp in the lower burner; the accumulation is related to blockage of the free flow of moisture. . Two main examples are: Huangyaozi: obtained from Dioscorea bulbifera, it is used to resolve phlegm, and is especially employed in treatments for phlegm-mass of the throat area, namely thyroid swelling (see: Treatments of thyroid diseases with Chinese herbal medicine) and esophageal cancer (5). Dioscorea: Conclusions and Perspectives. Dioscorea villosa also contains anti-inflammatory properties. This vine habitually twines around the branches of other plants in order to support itself. Damp and heat are two pathological influences that can combine together, producing a "damp-heat" syndrome. Chinese yam (Dioscorea polystachya or Dioscorea batatas) ... As an herbal treatment, Chinese yam is mainly used to target the stomach and spleen, … The description of bixie may give some insights into the use of shanyao. In clinical practice, this herb is often used for chronic nephritis. Polyploidy is reported to show increased tolerance to environmental stress. No “over-the-counter” (non-prescription) products have been tested and approved to treat scabies. A mucilage (starch-protein complex) from the tuber is also considered of potential value. Wild Yam Uses, Benefits & Dosage - Drugs.com Herbal Database Wild yam has had a long history of use in treating everything from menstrual cramps and PMS (premenstrual syndrome) to hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Bearing Anti tumour characteristics, it is suitable for treating Tumours and ailments associated with it. Yang Yifan also describes it: Bixie is bitter and neutral and enters the liver, stomach, and bladder meridians. The other commonly used variety of Dioscorea is commonly called tokoro, the Chinese name is bixie (the characters for this name are unique for the plant). Nuphar is not mentioned in most of the Materia Medica books, and much of the Chinese supply is used for the demand in Japan for this item as a health product. REQUIREMENTS Although its effect in tonifying the spleen qi is not so strong as that of atractylodes [baizhu], it can tonify either the qi or the yin, so it is especially suitable for treating deficiency of both qi and yin in the middle burner. Saussurea is also included in the prescription for its warming and moisture dispersing qualities. and bronchitis. by Subhuti Dharmananda, Ph.D., Director, Institute for Traditional Medicine, Portland, Oregon, There are several herbs derived from species of Dioscorea used in Chinese herb formulas, though only two are used with some frequency. While the mantis egg-case is mainly used for urinary discharge, sepia bone is mainly used for uterine discharge. It should be noted that Dioscorea hypoglauca is being investigated for anticancer activity (6), especially of the component protodioscin (which is also found in the Chinese herb tribulus). Dioscorea nipponica Makino has been used for the treatment of chronic bronchitis, rheumatoid arthritis, cough, and asthma. It is considered an effective herb for hyperthyroidism and thyroid cancer, but must be used cautiously as there have been reports of liver … A version of this formula has been used extensively world-wide; it is a proprietary product (pictured, below) of the Tianjin Lerentang Pharmaceutical Factory; however, several other factories produce slightly different formulations under the same name. This salt may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide. Diabetes mellitus is a multifactorial metabolic disease characterized by post-prandial hyperglycemia (PPHG). Wild yam remedies should not be used with certain health conditions, such as liver disease or certain cancers like uterine, prostate, or breast cancer. When severe, turbidity often involves blockage of the free flow of the essences. 13. Iridoid Complex is a combination of concentrated herb extracts rich in iridoids with the addition of two herbs that have other types of active constituents: dioscorea and nuphar. Some people with cancer will have only one treatment. Derived from the root of a twining vine, wild yam was traditionally used for its antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory properties to treat menopausal symptoms, gastrointestinal ailments, muscle spasm, asthma, joint pain, and rheumatoid arthritis (1) (2). Caution should also be taken for those with diabetes or alcohol dependence, as the remedies may contain sugar and alcohol. Both herbs aid in the treatment of moisture disorders, and the idea of being able to "separate dampness from heat" and the "clean part from the turbid part" may help us understand their properties and functions. The mucilage of this plant, like that of other plants, may contribute to its treatment of diarrhea, as this substance has binding and anti-irritant action. Wild yam has had a long history of use in treating everything from menstrual cramps and PMS (premenstrual syndrome) to hot flashes and vaginal dryness. It also has a slightly astringent property which is helpful for stopping diarrhea. Both are suitable for treating kidney deficiency syndromes and both regulate fluid metabolism. This plant contains an important antioxidant: beta carotene. Shanyao is neutral and sweet. These other two species have in common the treatment of phlegm accumulation and wind-damp syndromes (arthritis and skin inflammation) which represent manifestations of turbidity and moisture accumulation, conditions generally treated by Dioscorea species. Qianjin Zhidai Wan is a well-known product used in China to tonify and warm the kidney and spleen while clearing heat and restraining leakage. It is presumed by some that wild yam extracts can offer many of the same benefits of these pharmaceutically produced steroids. In this work, tetraploid plants of Dioscorea zingiberensis were obtained by colchicine treatment of shoots propagated in vitro.The highest tetraploid induction rate was achieved by treatment with 0.15% colchicine for 24 h. In Western herbalism, Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry) is used for menstrual and menopausal disorders; it mainly relies on iridoids as active components. The dried rhizome of Dioscorea nipponicaMakino (D. nipponica) is called “Buchema” in Korea, and is an herb for clearing and transforming phlegm-heat. The flowers smell like cinnamon and the twining vine is attractive for arbors, trellises, and along … Approximate Yam Nutrition per 100g 9mg Salt 17 mg calcium 17 mg Vit. Well-known formulas with this trio of herbs include (1): Shanyao is also used in spleen qi tonics, such as Shen Ling Baizhu San and Guzhen Tang, where it is a relatively minor constituent, taking second place to the more potent atractylodes. Wild yam has been used for various digestive problems as well, like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and colic in infants. The role of dioscorea has been explained in the text above. Also known as Yuma, colic root, devil’s bones, and rheumatism root, it was a popular remedy used in both Native American and other types of herbal medicine to treat various problems. Dioscorea villosa has been used to treat menstrual cramps. Although not mentioned in the description here by Yang, bixie is also used in the treatment of wind-damp syndrome, especially for rheumatoid arthritis. Background: Dioscorea villosa is a popular herbal remedy for pains. C 32 mg Vit. In the modern Chinese Materia Medica, dioscorea is listed with the qi tonic herbs because of its traditional use for alleviating diarrhea, despite the fact that it is much more frequently used in kidney-nourishing formulas, where it contributes to stabilizing the kidney and restraining "essence leakage.". Diosgenin, a spirostanol glycoside, is being investigated as a potential treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (3), though in amounts much larger than would be obtained from shanyao in traditional preparations. Tonifies restores depleted qi by tonifying the spleen and kidney. These make up about 2% of the tubers. Its composition is similar to that of shanyao, but it is a more bitter taste, possibly due to higher level of the steroidal compounds. Creams and dietary supplements made from the related Dioscorea villosa are claimed to contain human hormones and promoted as a medicine for a variety of purposes, including cancer prevention and the treatment of Crohn's disease and whooping cough. Clarity (as in the "clean part") is a concept that is applied to fluid essences, including moisture, phlegm, and qi (there is a description of "clear yang" rising to the head, an essence that aids mental processes, and this refers to the yang aspect of qi). Hypertension can lead to a number of health complications … It has a fleshy, potato-like root (tuber) that is used for food in times of famine or for making medicine. The syndrome it treats is one of deficiency of the kidney with invasion of coldness, causing symptoms of frequent urination with discharge of mucus in the urine (this is the evidence of turbidity). Scabies Treatment: Products used to treat scabies are called scabicides because they kill scabies mites; some also kill mite eggs. Qianjin means "a thousand gold pieces" suggesting the great value of the remedy. Dioscorea villosa, Dioscorea alata. While rehmannia and cornus are the most frequently used herb formula ingredients with iridoids, other Chinese herbs also contain them as active ingredients, mainly gardenia and plantago seed. It is a distant relative of the lotus, sometimes called the "yellow pond lily." Besides it, Dioscorea is used extensively in the treatment of dysentery, piles and chronic liver pain disease [7] Diosgenin from wild yam is used to make a variety of steroids for medical use, including progesterone, cortisone, and dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). It can be used for patients suffering from a lack of appetite, fatigue, loose stools, and shortness of breath, thirst, and sweating. There are many types of cancer treatment. Wild yam has antiproliferative (3) and antimitotic effects (4) in vitro, and animal … Acorus (shichangpu) is often used for clearing the phlegm-mist type of turbidity that affects mental function, but is also used for turbidity elsewhere. It is also used as a substitute for estrogen cream, which helps combat vaginal dryness in women. Amount of leukorrhea due to alkaloids ( lotus has sedative action due to and! Has been used for chronic nephritis ornamental value, and Asia and has been used for discharge! 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