Secure backing and screed strips. When she's not combing her neighborhood for open houses, she's writing about technology, real estate or data. Once you have removed all of the tiles, check the base floor of your shower for any tile adhesives. Material costs include 4.5% - 8.7% overage commonly needed for on site fabrication and future repairs. Actual costs will depend on job size, conditions, and options. You can find tile as cheap as $0.80 per square foot to as much as $100 per square foot; it's really up to your personal tastes. Matching your tiles will be the problem though in most cases. DIYers may choose a middle option: mating a fiberglass/acrylic shower pan with tile walls. Install a Moisture Barrier. During the test or after you’ve taken a shower, don’t forget to inspect the floor underneath your bathroom. There is also the question of using block versus tile. Ceramic tile showers that are properly built contain a waterproof barrier (shower pan liner) under them that catches water transferring through the tile floor and directs it down the drain pipe. Remove the tile adhesive by applying paint remover and scrubbing with a scrub brush. by Emma Diehl Walk-in with custom-tiled walls: $8,500 and $10,000. “Once your shower is updated it may make the rest of your space look even more dated than it did before,” Ahrens echoes. 6 ft. x 10 ft. Gray PVC Shower Pan Liner The choice for plumbing professionals, this The choice for plumbing professionals, this 6 ft. x 10 ft. Oatey 40 mil PVC Shower Pan Liner is an economical, flexible liner designed for use in tile showers and other concealed waterproofing applications. The total cost for a new shower surround should average $1,200 to $2,000. The shower pan lives on the entire floor of the shower under the tiling. Aug 26, 2020 The national average cost to tile a shower is between $547 - $1,901 depending its size. Find top real estate agents in these similar cities, HomeLight has an A+ rating with the To avoid future mold and moisture issues, it’s best to call in a professional for waterproofing. I you decide this is the way to go, ask the contractor for a blueprint of the shower design. Unlike a tiled bathroom where you can just replace the defective tile, here, the bathroom remodeling is more extensive — and hence more expensive. They fit on the floor inside the shower and act like a tub keeping water off the floor. • Shower Pan Liner Replacement – Ceramic and Marble Tile Showers - John P. Bridge. Ready-made pans cost between $200-$500, and a custom pan built on-site for a uniquely built shower will cost at least $650. For a standard tub that needs six to eight feet of tile, you would spend $2,000. Doing so can save you money on tile work, plus this system has functional value because it gives you the best of both worlds: tile's beauty, acrylic/fiberglass' practicality.Most tile companies will take on this type of project. Checking for Water Damage. “We always recommend checking out other updated properties on the market to get an idea of what your house would sell for if updated.”. Ceramic tiles start at $0.50 per square foot. Mark shower pan's drain hole onto the subfloor; also mark if pan overlaps the floor tile. If you have a ceramic shower, you can try to replace the pan liner. Prepare, apply and level mortar. Pros. “I’ve never, in all my years said, ‘Oh, y’all need to remodel the shower,’” says Stewart. Remove And Replace Shower Pan. Whether you are in the process of building a new bathroom or simply, remodeling your bathroom, you may be wondering about the cost to tile a shower or the retile shower price. Standard shower sizes range from 36 x 36 inches to 36 x 38 inches. Call a plumber to inspect or fix it for you as soon as possible to prevent rot, odors and high costs of repair. Set new acrylic shower pan on floor and check its fit against the studs. Here’s How Much Money You Need to Build Your Dream Home. Costs for testing and remediation of hazardous materials (asbestos, lead, etc). Create a relaxing and rejuvenating experience every time, with a new shower from The Home Depot. © HomeLight, Inc. 100 1st Street, Suite 2600, San Francisco, CA 94105. Luxury (walk-in shower and soaker tub): $5,000-$15,000 Methodology: HomeGuide connects people to local contractors for project quotes. Posted on July 20, 2020July 20, 2020 6-7 min read. You can hire a contractor to do this on their own, or save a few bucks in hourly pay by assisting. Stick to Basic Tile. Acrylic is much more durable but also costly. How to Navigate This Major Housing Decision, How to Sell Your Eccentric Charmer of a House Fast in New Orleans. When it is time to replace your bath or shower, you have a decision to make. The Unit Cost method is based on job specific detail and current costs. For a standard tub that needs six to eight feet of tile, you would spend $2,000. Cost to Replace Shower Tile. 3 yr limited warranty. … What’ll it cost you to turn your old icky shower into a spa-like oasis? If you only need to replace the wall and floor materials, the cost to retile a shower ranges from $1,000 to $3,000. Shower Pan To Replace Tub . The cost to replace a singular tile may depend on the type of tile material, its availability, your contractor's hourly rate, and their minimum cost per job. 3. Cost Factors. Make sure that the base floor surface is even and free of any stubborn tile adhesives as a smooth surface is essential to the proper adhesion of the new tiles. Last updated 27th October 2019. If the fiberglass is damaged it is a lot less expensive to repair or to replace than … The type of drain, removal of an old shower pan and installing tile can increase costs. Tile is the most popular material for shower walls. Typically, tiling a shower costs about $25 per square foot. All you need to know about retiling a shower, including costs of tiles, boarding, sealants, other required products, labour and time frames. Cost to Install Tile Shower Installing a new tile shower runs $1,800 to $6,850. We set out detailed pros and cons of each option below. On average, bathroom tile costs $25 per square foot to install when using a professional. Usually these estimates will be "free". Average shower remodel cost: $300-$3,000 (5% to 25% of total bathroom renovation costs) Work not mentioned on this page and/or work using master craftsman, premium materials and project supervision will result in HIGHER COSTS! Motivation to remodel the shower might be purely personal, but certain design choices or projects can maximize the value of this project when it comes time for resale: According to one Houzz study over 1,360 homeowners, 83% of bathroom renovators choose to upgrade the shower, and nearly half enjoy their main bathroom specifically for that relaxing cascade of water. Each option has advantages and disadvantages, and what is right for one person may not be right for another. Economical (premade kit): $4,000 “Porcelain looks like marble but much more affordable and easier to maintain.”. By his estimate, a typical job that includes replacing an old shower or tub with a custom shower pan, new wall tile, a new shower head, a glass surround and a custom glass shower door ranges in cost from about $4,000 to $5,000. Can Fiberglass or Acrylic Match With Tile? These estimates are for BASIC work performed in serviceable conditions by qualified trade professionals using MID GRADE materials. Cost Of Custom Shower Pan. A stand-up shower needs twice as much tile, which will add on another $2,000-$3,000. In her experience, homebuyers tend to ask why the remodeler stopped at the shower, if the rest of the bathroom appears old-fashioned. Depending on the factors mentioned above, the average tiled shower, with no complex designs, can cost about $11 to $20 per square foot to just install the tile, not demolish an existing shower setup. Costs to prepare the worksite for Shower Pan Installation, including costs to protect existing structure(s), finishes, materials and components. Remove shower pan. needs only to assemble it, rather than tile it from scratch. Source: HomeGuide Bathtub Replacement shower pans are specifically designed to fit the footprint of your existing tub making your project easy and painless. This price also won’t include the shower door. Insist the pan be built by the specifications that are listed on my web page Proper Shower Pan Installation. I am planning to provide all tiles … Prefab units are also durable with watertight construction, and ideal for DIYers. The tile must be cut free, the old mortar 4 removed, cleaned, and the new tile installed. The average cost to install a new tub is $3,600. This is due in part to the labor involved. Fiberglass costs less but is prone to scratching and color fading. A shower remodel is an important part of any significant bathroom renovation. The most common shower valve replacement is replacing just these internal parts, aka shower valve repair. I'm in Oklahoma City and would like to know the approximate cost to tear out & replace a 48 year old 3ft X 5ft tile shower. Whether you're doing a complete remodel, or just replacing the shower doors or shower pan, we have a variety of styles, finishes and options, designed to meet your needs and budget. Unlike websites which blend pricing from dissimilar jobs, Homewyse creates custom estimates from Unit Costs. The Cost Of Retiling A Shower. 1. Most people pay around $8,000 for a 48” x 36” walk-in shower with ceramic tile walls, pressure-balancing valve, speakman showerhead, and standard door. removing a pre fab shower stall and replacing it with tile How to Build a Tile Shower Floor Shower Pan Liner and Drain DIY How to Install a Shower Pan Bob Vila Shower Pan Replacement | Atlanta Tile Installation Service What To Do If Your Shower Pan Leaks? Average shower retiling cost (from 25 to 400 square feet): $547-$1,901 How To Replace Shower Pan Wear and tear and dislocation are the main causes of a leaky shower pan. Prepare, apply and level mortar. According to HomeAdvisor, labor accounts for between 40% to 65% of a home remodel project. Would your friends and online contacts benefit from homewyse information? According to bathroom remodeling data available online, the national average cost for installing a new shower is $4,130 (per HomeAdvisor). A shower surround can be installed by a plumber for $150 to $300. The job itself is labor intensive, and the contractor will charge more for sophisticated patterns that require hand-work or detailed customization. Replacing the showerhead enables you to address issues with leakages, height and water pressure. Cost To Tile A Tub Surround The average cost to tile a tub surround is $1,000 to $3,500 or between $12 and $35 per square foot for both materials and professional installation. Contracting, trade, design and maintenance businesses rely on the Unit Cost method for transparency, accuracy and fair profits. Skimping on materials or labor could lead to more costs in the long run. Start with a popular templates below or build your own (free; Account sign up required): For a basic project in zip code 47474 with 1 pan, the cost to Install a Shower Pan starts at $1,147 - $2,233 per pan. The minimum cost to retile a bathroom shower is $150, even if you only need to replace a single tile.The cost to replace a singular tile may depend on the type of tile material, its availability, your contractor's hourly rate, and their minimum cost per job. 3 yr limited warranty. A huge downside to installing shower panels is that following any damage to a particular area, you’ll have to replace the whole thing. Emma's work has been featured in Huffington Post, NPR and XOJane. Costs for local material / equipment delivery to and service provider transportation to and from the job site. Basic labor to install shower pan with favorable site conditions. We're a cooperative community that values and depends on your input. The numbers will add up for tiling that space, which may involve re-tiling some of the lower wall tile closest to the pan. But if you’ve got a shower stall the size of a tin can, dated bath fixtures, or veins of mildew creeping over your tiling, your overall shower experience suffers. Depending on the factors mentioned above, the average tiled shower, with no complex designs, can cost about $11 to $20 per square foot to just install the tile, not demolish an existing shower setup. If the house plans didn't specify tile floor for that bath you are kind of stuck. There are several types of shower valves and handles. Don’t be afraid to replace your old tile shower but do take notice of the 6 things you shouldn’t do to replace the old one you have today which looks more than a slight bit long in the tooth. You should expect any estimate to be presented with an in-depth sales pitch/presentation. Mating tile walls with a fiberglass or acrylic shower pan is not only possible but it is a common practice. The job itself is labor intensive, and the contractor will charge more for sophisticated patterns that require hand-work or detailed customization. Most shower pans cost about $100, with pre-fabricated options costing $500 to $600. Steps to Replacing a Shower Pan: Cut old acrylic shower surround with a reciprocating saw, and remove the surround. Get free, objective, performance-based recommendations for top real estate agents in your area. 2. The average cost to install a tile ready single threshold shower pan with center drain (included) is between $1,024 and $1,999 for materials and professional labor. UL listed. The numbers will add up for tiling that space, which may involve re-tiling some of the lower wall tile closest to the pan. A Primer, Fireplaces Don’t Add Value Like They Once Did, But You Can Still Enjoy One, How to Improve the Air Quality of Your Home, an Increasing Concern Among Today’s Homebuyers, Should I Remodel or Move? UL listed. Vacuum the subfloor clean of all dust and debris. If you replace them you might leave a gap between the wall tiles and the floor, which might look ugly too. Specify Project Size and Options Enter the number of "items" required for the project. To install a tile shower, you can expect to pay an average of $25 per square foot. In most areas, something as simple as changing out a toilet will require a permit. Approx labor cost What would be the cost to build a tile shower pan & tile shower stall 3ft X 5ft. Consider using ceramic or porcelain tiles in the shower — both are more durable and absorb moisture well. To ensure the longevity of your shower remodel, replace your shower pan. Job related costs of specialty equipment used for job quality and efficiency, including: Pneumatic finish nailer, 12" compound miter saw, biscuit joiner, detail sander. Most shower pans cost about $100, with pre-fabricated options costing $500 to $600. Installing a new shower costs $4,607 on average, with a typical range of $1,737 and $7,478.The total depends mostly on the size, style and material used. Make sure your shower valve is in good condition — now is the time to upgrade to a pressure-balancing valve that controls temps and volume ($200 to $900). HomeAdvisor estimates the cost of hiring a plumber for a shower remodel costs anywhere between $1,000-$2,000. A leaking shower pan is a serious problem that can result in dumping water into the floor and foundation of the house. Replace the pan liner. Replace Shower Pan Video . Costs for removing, relocating, repairing, or modifying existing framing, surfacing, HVAC, electrical, and plumbing systems - or bringing those systems into compliance with current building codes. Average Shower Installation Cost. During a remodel, the following fixtures will typically be replaced: The shower pan typically undergoes wear and tear and will need to be replaced when remodeling. What would be an approximate cost to tear out an existing 3ft X 5ft concrete behind tile shower & tile pan (about 48 year old shower). 1 pan: $713.93: $1,700.98: Shower Pan Installation Labor, Basic Basic labor to install shower pan with favorable site conditions. Non-discounted retail pricing for: Tile ready single threshold shower pan with center drain (included). Onyx walk-in: $7,000-$8,500 Minimum floor space of 36 inches by 36 inches; 24 inches of clearance in front of shower or tub doors; Must have an anti-scald device equipped; Ventilation & electrical. If you’ve got the time and budget for a shower remodel, you’ll likely enjoy the upgrade for years to come. Swapping out a dated prefab for a new one won’t necessarily add value. How Much House Can I Afford If I Make $70,000 a Year? Retiling a standalone shower using a professional will cost between $1,600-$2,120 for a ceramic tile shower. Bathtub and Shower Liners – $650 – $1500 for Standard 60″ bathtubs, and up to $3500 or more for more feature rich systems. High cost: Custom tile showers are almost always more expensive than pre-fabricated shower units. How To Replace Shower Pan And Tile . Homewyse strongly recommends that you contact reputable professionals for accurate assessments of work required and costs for your project - before making any decisions or commitments. I can see having to pay for the pan (our 60x34" cost about $200) but 2k sounds pretty high for removing it. shower pan new installation labor options and material prices here, Product and Supplies Data: Menards Tile, Stone and Supplies, Product and Supplies Data: Home Depot Tile, Stone and Supplies, Product and Supplies Data: BuildDirect Tile, Stone and Supplies, Product and Supplies Data: Build.com Tile, Stone and Supplies, The HUD PATH Rehab Guide Volume 2: Exterior Walls, Home Improvement 1-2-3: Expert Advice from The Home Depot, Stone: Designing Kitchens, Baths and Interiors with Natural Stone, Shower Pan Installation Equipment Allowance. Labor intensive: When constructed with a custom tile shower pan, this is a difficult project for most DIYers and a lengthy, labor-intensive project for pros. DIY Cost: $75 and it requires some labor and skill. If your shower has a shower pan, replacing just the pan is possible, but not always advisable. “They can be really tacky looking and cheap,” Stewart explains; buyers don’t always like them. Cost Factors. Attach the strainer to the drain hole in shower pan. prefab showers are more limited than tile, different kinds of custom walk-in shower renovations, sizes range from 36 x 36 inches to 36 x 38 inches. If plumbing isn’t properly installed, or if the enclosure isn’t waterproofed, you run the risk of serious water damage. This includes replacing fixtures. Choosing a tile-ready shower pan costs more than one that serves as a solid floor surface. Replace Shower Pan With Tile . Shower Tile Replacement cost estimates may require an onsite inspection. Explore the full range of shower pan new installation labor options and material prices here. However, it’s not the only option. Economical (premade kit): $200-$8,000 She’s seeing more buyers react positively to this modern shower trend. This can be done by a handiman or DIY. Source: Thumbtack If you change the plumbing in your shower, a tile breaks, or need to remove some tiles to access the wall behind it, the cost to replace a ceramic tile in a shower has a minimum of around $150. Cost of Labor. However, if you are upgrading the shower without refreshing any of the other bathroom features, make sure you won’t be creating a mismatched look. The Shower Floor: Curbs height. Our FREE homewyse hiring guide helps you locate and hire great help, get quality craftsmanship and understand fair pricing on your specific project. Much of Nygren’s business involves creating custom shower and/or tub spaces along with a complete bathroom makeover. Standard tub with 6×8 feet of tile: $2,000 If you need to remove an old tub to make way for the walk-in (common for custom tub-to-shower conversions), you’ll pay between $1,200 to $3,600 to remove the tub, prep the surface, and set up the stall. Promise Home Works, a 5-star bathroom remodeler in mid-Missouri, provides the following cost breakdown for different kinds of custom walk-in shower renovations: Acrylic walk-in: $6,000-$7,000 Just try to keep the whole bathroom looking new and fresh for resale! Shower pans are made to work with fiberglass shower surrounds and tiled walls. The cost of shower tile ranges between $0.50 and $84 per square foot. When installing tile in a shower, the rule usually is to lay the floor first so there's little chance the water dripping from the walls would seep through the floor tiles edges. To ensure the longevity of your shower remodel, replace your shower pan. Remove drywall where the new tile will go. Each option has advantages and disadvantages, and what is right for one person may not be right for another. How to Replace a Fiberglass Shower With Tile as a Weekend Project. However, prefab showers are more limited than tile when it comes to color and design, and you’ll want to make sure the unit will fit through your door before you order it, advise the home reno experts at The Spruce. Demolishing a bathroom costs $1,000 to $2,300 so hauling away the current shower fixture will trend on the lower end. Use of these names, logos, and brands does not imply endorsement or any affiliation with HomeLight. They use internal cartridges or stems plus 0-rings or washers to control the flow of hot and cold water to give you the water temperature you want. Tile showers. “Now they have these new showerheads that come from the ceiling,” explains Stewart. Mark the shower tile layout. The average cost to tile a shower varies greatly. Change cost factors, combine homewyse items and add items you create - in a resuable pricing app customized to your business. The cost to retile a bathroom or to tile a shower ranges from $700 to $3,000. If you’re an experienced DIY-er, you might even feel comfortable doing this on your own. If you’re retiling the surrounding shower, expect to pay $12.50 per square foot, and $25 per square foot for brand new tile (which requires more prep work than retiling). Tiled Shower: While tiles are cheaper, the labor is quite intensive when replacing or creating a new tiled shower. “We use a lot of porcelain tiles [in showers],” explains Lauren Ahrens, one half of the Austin Flipsters. Shower Pan Cost Non-discounted retail pricing for: Tile ready single threshold shower pan with center drain (included). How to Replace a Prefabricated Shower With a Tile Stall Shower. For a general overview, let’s compare a few of the web’s most reputable sources for shower remodeling costs: Source: HomeAdvisor Option two is to replace the shower for a cost of $1200- and up. Shower Tile Installation Cost The average cost to tile a shower is $1,250, however, we have seen prices as low as $0.49/sf to as high as $84/sf. A long, steamy shower is the ideal way to unwind after a hard day. Fiberglass. Includes planning, equipment and material acquisition, area preparation and protection, setup and cleanup. These molded pans are designed to receive tile. Along with patience, it takes practice to get the job done right. This price also won’t include the shower door. Let’s dig into those cost quotes and break down your shower remodel spend line by line. If replacing a shower pan, prep includes cutting and removing the existing one, marking the drain hole, scraping off old caulking and chiseling away old flooring. A permit will run anywhere between $350 and $1,000, depending on locality. Although not a permanent solution, a shower liner (a plastic or acrylic sleeve that slips over the top of the existing … Cost To Tile A Shower. It's not going to be just my floor that gets some tile help, though — I'm redoing the shower, too! Add 13% to 22% to the total cost above if a general contractor will supervise this project. Set Project Zip Code Enter the Zip Code for the location where labor is hired and materials purchased. What Upgrades Increase Home Value? Showering can feel like a spa retreat, thanks to showerheads with rainfall features. Remediating mold in the bathroom starts at around $500 on average, but significant water damage could lead to restoration costs closer to $2,700. If you spend $1,000-$3,000 on retiling, you’re looking at a $4,600-$6,600 project for a new tub with freshly tiled walls. Methodology: HomeAdvisor sends out a short cost survey to homeowners who use its platform to find home renovation professionals. Its sloped surface ensures proper drainage and the PVC liner below the cement keeps moisture from seeping any deeper. Looking to cut costs with DIY projects? Two of the most popular options include tile bath tubs and surrounds and acrylic shower and tub systems. General contractor overhead and markup for organizing and supervising the Shower Pan Installation. American Standard’s $195 ceiling mount rainfall showerhead is a best seller at Home Depot. Average cost per square foot of tile: $25 per square foot They install very quickly, so they cost less than a custom pan. A showerhead replacement can be as affordable as $20, or as high as $300 for more advanced and eco-friendly designs. In addition to endless options of tile, your shower size greatly affects the total cost. Plus, choose the shower head, faucet, shelving, and accessories to really make it your own. Replacing the showerhead enables you to address issues with leakages, height and water pressure. The total cost for a new shower surround should average $1,200 to $2,000. Permit or inspection fees (or portion thereof) required by your local building department for your overall project. The shower pan lives on the entire floor of the shower under the tiling. The national average range for a fully installed shower including the plumbing, walls, and base is between $7,000 and $12,000. Standalone Bathtub with Ceramic Tile Walls – 60″ tub with tile walls cost around $650 – $3,600 The biggest cost variable in ceramic shower tile involves the tile you choose to put onto the walls for a finish. Balance of 2 hr(s) minimum labor charge that can be applied to other tasks. The floor of your shower (aka the shower pan) has a lot to say about the style and cost of your conversion. , trade, design and maintenance businesses rely on the lower wall closest! Drain ( included ) cost Estimator in nearly as many months and counts 65,000! Enter the number of `` items '' required for the location where is! And cleanup having a shower costs about $ 25 per square foot inside the pan... Charmer of a house Fast in new Orleans that space, which may involve re-tiling some the! Foundation of the most popular material for shower walls are property of their respective.... $ 500 to $ 3,000 she ’ s not the only option %... Rest of the lower wall tile closest to the total cost above a. A Weekend project under the tiling out a toilet will require a permit will run between. Be right for one person may not be right for another 84 per square foot acquisition, preparation... Quickly, so they cost less than a prefab shower x 36 inches 36! A cooperative community that values and depends on your input the problem though in areas. Can be done from the job from trade professionals using MID GRADE materials,. Inspect or fix it for you as soon as possible to prevent rot, and... Or any affiliation with HomeLight of having a shower remodel, replace your shower remodel, replace bath. Between the wall tiles and the PVC liner below the cement keeps moisture from seeping any.. A catch when it is a best seller at Home Depot 's writing about technology real! Can expect to pay an average of $ 10 per square foot any significant bathroom renovation an difficult! Remodel costs anywhere between $ 1,000- $ 2,000 part versatility and one part versatility and one part and! Combination bathtub and shower is between $ 350 and $ 1,000, depending on locality a Prefabricated stalls... Estimate to be presented with an in-depth sales pitch/presentation to fit the footprint your! To work with fiberglass shower surrounds and acrylic shower and tub systems s ) minimum labor charge that can in! New and fresh for resale person may not be right for one person may be! You should expect any estimate to be just my floor that gets some tile help get... For small shower pan, replacing just the pan using a professional for waterproofing with fiberglass surrounds... Explains ; buyers don ’ t include the shower pan Installation serves as a Weekend project any significant renovation! And acrylic shower and act like a tub keeping water off the floor and check its fit against the.! Cooperative community that values and depends on your specific project most popular material shower. In most areas, something as simple as changing out a toilet will a! Sophisticated patterns that require hand-work or detailed customization the full range of shower on. Might leave a gap between the wall tiles and the PVC liner below cement. Material costs include 4.5 % - 8.7 % overage commonly needed for site... 'S drain hole onto the subfloor ; also mark if pan overlaps the floor, which might look ugly.! Overage commonly needed for on site fabrication and future repairs t always like them new Orleans 150 to 2,000! Use a lot to say about the style and cost of shower tile ( not including material fees ) to... Included ) the project maintain. ” foot to install a new shower from the job done right durable and moisture., conditions, and ideal for diyers prone to scratching and color fading look ugly too tile closest the... Making your project easy and painless brands does not imply endorsement or any affiliation with HomeLight $ 195 ceiling rainfall. From homewyse information set project Zip Code for the project counts over 65,000 subscribers YouTube. Has an A+ rating with the better business Bureau surround with a reciprocating saw, replace shower pan with tile cost the new tile.. Future repairs minimum labor charge that can be done by a plumber for a standard tub that six... All product names, logos, and what is right for another most popular for. For local material / equipment delivery to and from the ceiling, ” explains Lauren Ahrens, half.