The common name chokeberry may come from the fact that its fruits are very bitter when eaten right off the tree. Black chokeberry is a dependable small to medium sized shrub with upright, mounded habit. The black chokeberry is a deciduous shrub with a mounded shape. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. They used the berries in every possible way including fresh, dried, mashed, cooked and added to soup, frozen, pressed into cakes, or canned for winter use. Order Online Notes $ 6.95 – $ 17.50. We do not share email addresses. May reduce height when mature. Dark green foliage turns reddish-purple in the fall. Given its snow-white blossoms, ink-black berries, crimson-red foliage, and its appeal to birds and wildlife, it could arguably be regarded as the fair Snow White of the plant kingdom. It can be found thriving in low woods, swamps, and moist thickets. Its glossy green leaves turn a radiant red color in fall. Fall Color: Orange, Red, Yellow. It is hardy to zone 3. Native trees and shrubs that will grow and perform well. Other: Fall color, edible, native. For current distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site. It is characteristic of black chokeberry that the fruits wither while still on the bush. It can tolerate periodic flooding or wet conditions, but will sucker more in wet areas. Grow Native! This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. It would most likely be confused with a Prunus species, also in the Rose family, but the small red glands along the upper leaf midrib and pink stamens that are shorter than the petals are diagnostic. Edge: Serrated. A fourth form that has long been cultivated under the name Aronia is now considered to be an intergeneric hybrid, × Sorbaronia mitschurinii. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Aronia is a genus of deciduous shrubs, the chokeberries, in the family Rosaceae native to eastern North America and most commonly found in wet woods and swamps. Chokeberries are considered one of the world's superfoods due to the huge amount ofÿantioxidants packed into the berries. Buy black chokeberry from our native plant nursery in Glenwood, MD. Black chokeberry has dark green leaves that are 1 to 3 inches long and lanceolate or elliptical in shape. elata - fall color, large abundant fruit clusters, reduced suckering, Iroquois Beauty™ - compact habit, fall color, ‘Viking’ - fall color, large abundant fruit clusters, Beth Berlin, Extension educator; Kathy Zuzek, former Extension educator; and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. Black Chokeberry Aronia melanocarpa formerly: Photinia melanocarpa Rosaceae. USDA SCS. View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Commonly consumed as juice, fruits should be harvested as soon as they are ripe. You may unsubscribe at any time. Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: info@moprairie.org | Outreach or Educational Inquiries: outreach@moprairie.org The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. The Black Chokeberry thrives in both Fall and Spring seasons, with an explosion of black fruit in the fall, mature height is 3 to 8 feet and a width of 2 to 6 feet. The Black Huckleberry is also an important food source for many mammals and birds. The Black Chokeberry is a flowering shrub that is valued by many gardeners as a visually pleasing and—quite literally—tasteful addition to their landscapes. Red Chokeberries, and their close cousins Black Chokeberries, provide high wildlife value to any garden. Native habitat: eastern North America Light requirements: sun ... Black chokeberry is a suckering shrub that forms a dense colony. Can almost be grown in any soil type, dry to very wet. Berries can have a bitter taste however, hence the unusual name. Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database. Although common in many parts of … Let … In autumn, leaves change from green to vibrant tones of red, orange and purple. It provides habitat and food for wildlife and is a great plant for natural areas with wet soil. Often Confused with European Buckthorn. Lauren's Garden Service & Native Plant Nursery. Fruit can persist into winter and serves as a food source for birds and other wildlife. Full sun or partial shade. However, t… The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. The fact that it has been classified in four genera reflects its history of taxonomic difficulty. Grows poorly under walnut. Clusters of pure white flowers in spring. Black chokeberry is a member of Rosaceae (Rose Family), and is commonly referred to as black chokeberry, aronia or aroniaberry. We met up with Jim Passwaters, owner of Sussex Landscaping, to spotlight the Black Chokeberry and Atlantic White Cedar. Black Chokeberry is Native to the following States & Ohio counties. The high-antioxidant fruit is used in baking and to make jams, jellies, syrup, tea, juice and wine. Venation: Parallel curving towards leaf point/tip. Bailey (1951) differentiates Aronia from Sorbus by the features of different leaf serrations, differing arrangement of styles within the flowers, and by the fact that Aronia bears glands o… Black chokeberry can also be used as an edible fruit crop although the fruit is too astringent to eat raw. Bailey (1914) lists it as Aronia, and notes that the genus Aronia derives from aria, a subgenus of Sorbus. Season of Interest: Mid (May - June), Late (July - frost), Winter (Nov - Mar) Main Color: Green, White. This photo shows fruits in mid-September. The black chokeberry is native from Maine to Georgia and north to Minnesota, while red chokeberry is native from Maine to east Texas, but not the Midwest. Each of these parts of the plant contain hydrocyanic acid, posing a significantly higher risk to livestock than people, as animals are more likely to consume large quantities of the leaves. Because of suckering and its tolerance to wet soils, this species is typically used in mass planting, in naturalized and woodland gardens, for erosion control, in windbreaks and in excessively wet soils. In cultivated landscapes, where chokeberries have less competition and receive more fertility and care, they become strongly suckering plants. … But it is most valued for its red fall foliage. Black Chokeberry is an upright, deciduous shrub, bearing fragrant white flowers. How to Grow Aronia. 1991. This shrub is suckering and will tolerate wet soils, so works well as a shrub border or planted near water, even in clay. Aronia melanocarpa var. Gift Certificates. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Aronia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Robert H. Mohlenbrock. In spring, returning birds feast on the blackish-purple fruits that persist through the winter. Nice small, multi-branched shrub for edge of a wooded area, small garden spaces or to plant in groupings. In fact, the black chokeberry has the highest antioxidant concentration of any berry! Black Chokeberry is occasional throughout central and north eastern forests, though most common in open shrublands of the Anoka Sandplain. Shape: Elliptical to oblong. In spring, it has showy white flower clusters. Search by map Search by wetland status. Leaf Stem (Petiole): Short, often reddish-pink at base. Black chokeberry varieties have been selected for less suckering, compact growth, improved fruit yields and fall color. Range & Habitat: The native Black Chokeberry is occasional in sandy areas of NE Illinois, otherwise it is rare or absent within the state (see Distribution Map). The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Check out the Grow Native! Black Chokeberry (Aronia melanocarpa) is graced with abundant beautiful white flowers for a few weeks in May. Regents of the University of Minnesota. The fruit is actually edible and jams/jellies can be found in gourmet groceries. Small clusters of white flowers in spring are followed by glossy black fruit. Plant Type: Shrubs. The fire-like autumnal foliage makes this fruiting plant a real ornamental feature as well. of native plants for a particular purpose. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center Native Plant Information Network (PHME13) Native American Ethnobotany (University of Michigan - Dearborn) (PHME13) University of Tennessee Herbarium (Distribution) (PHME13) University of Wisconsin - Stevens Point Freckmann Herbarium (PHME13) Deciduous tree; it drops its leaves in fall, Dark green glossy, finely-toothed 1 to 3 inch leaves, 2- to 3-inch clusters of white flowers in spring have showy pink anthers, Clusters of ¼ to ½ inch fruit turn purplish-black or black in late summer and autumn, Plant in full sun; tolerates partial shade, Poorly-drained to well-drained; moist to wet soils. We do not share email addresses. This interesting native shrub requires minimal maintenance and tolerates many soil conditions. Native, No County Data: Introduced, No County Data: Both, No County Data: Native Status: L48 : AK : HI : PR : VI : NAV : CAN : GL : SPM : NA : Images. You may unsubscribe at any time. White flowers are borne in clusters and precede the clusters of blue-black colored fruit. Fruit can persist into winter and serves as a food source for birds and other wildlife. © Last updated March 1, 2015. Black chokeberry is a small to medium sized shrub with an upright, mounded habit. Native Environment: Forest. The flowers yield to black fruits (berries) by fall. In southern Illinois, where it is rare, this shrub is restricted to glades … Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. Add to cart. Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. Aronia melanocarpa, commonly called black chokeberry, is an open, upright, spreading, somewhat rounded but leggy, suckering, deciduous shrub that typically grows 3-6’ tall. Its clustered berries are high in antioxidants, and in recent times have been touted as a “superfood”. Aronia melanocarpa, Black Chokeberry is available at Toadshade Wildflower Farm, a mail order nursery in Frenchtown, NJ, that specializes in native perennial wildflower plants and seeds. Suckering shrub with red, yellow to orange fall color and shiny black berries. They’re not very hard to grow and maintain either. The genus is usually considered to contain two or three species, one of which is naturalized in Europe. In spring, clusters of small white flowers emerge and eventually mature in autumn into ink-black fruit. Black chokeberry is native to the Great Lakes region and the Northeastern U.S., with a southerly extension into the higher elevations of the Appalachian Mountains. Black chokeberry gets its specific epithet (Melanocarpa), which means black fruit, from the black berries it produces. All rights reserved. recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. In April the flowers provide nectar and pollen to native bees and butterflies including mason, miner, and bumblebees and even little known but diverse flower flies. In spring, a profusion of fragrant, whitish pink flowers are borne in loose clusters, 2 in wide (5 cm), of up to 8. Picked out your plants? Black chokeberry is considered to be the tastier of the two common chokeberry species; its astringent flavor is due to the high level of antioxidants in the fruits. Black chokeberry is an under used deciduous shrub with multi season interest. Since black chokeberry is a native plant in North America, you shouldn’t have any problem finding them in local plant nurseries. Locally grown natives. This photo shows fruits in mid-September. P.O. The Black Huckleberry was and is a culturally significant plant to many Native Americans who carefully cultivated it in the wild. It is also valued by gardeners in North America for its native status. Use only with permission. These dark purple, red, or almost black berries are high in fiber and Vitamin K. Today, chokecherries are most often used in jellies, vinegar, syrups and juice. Aronia, commonly referred to as chokeberry, is a shrub native to the eastern United States that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture Plant Hardiness Zones 3 through 8. (Aronia melanocarpa) is an adaptable shrub native to Minnesota with hardiness and wide tolerance to a variety of soil textures, densities, pH levels and moisture conditions. Foliage is dark green and glossy. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. It has fragrant white flower clusters in Spring, brilliant fall color, and large shiny dark berries that persist throughout winter. Visit What's wrong with my shrub? The dark, glossy leaves turn purple, orange and a brilliant red in fall. It grows clusters of small white flowers in May that turn into black fruits in late summer. 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