Guanacos are known to live in high altitudes of up to 4000 meters above sea level. While reproductive groups tend to remain small, often containing no more than 10 adults, bachelor herds may contain as many as 50 males. When they feel threatened, guanacos alert the herd to flee with a high-pitched, bleating call. While reproductive groups tend to remain small, often containing no more than 10 adults, bachelor herds may contain as many as 50 males. Guanacos live in family groups composed of usually 10 animals, including one dominant male, females and their offspring. In captivity, the longest known lifespan is 33.7 years. Guanacos and vicunas are wild animals, but llamas and alpacas have been domesticated, like cats and dogs, and were probably bred from guanacos. They are only found in the wild in South America. Guanacos, along with vicuñas, are one of two wild camelids in South America. What do you end up with? Guanacos feed mainly on grasses, live in herds, and can be found at altitudes of up to 4000 meters/2.5 miles. Bachelor males form separate herds. Gestation is about eleven months. In fact, guanacos can live up to 4,000 meters above sea level! Guanacos live in large parts of the Andes, Peru, Ecuador, Bolivia, Chile, and Argentina. Guanacos live in herds composed of females, their young, and a dominant male. They have big hearts. That’s a guanaco warning call to let others know of the possible presence of a puma. When they feel threatened, guanacos alert the herd to flee with a high-pitched, bleating call. At the age of 5 years, young males fight for dominance and opportunity to create their own herd. In order to survive at such a low oxygen level, guanaco blood has four times the number of red blood cells that we humans have! Young males live in large bachelor herds of up to 50 animals. But they live in South America, while camels are found in Africa and Asia. Occasionally, they even reside in temperate forest settings, particularly during the cold winter months. They have ears that are small and pointed. The Guanaco features dark eyes and a dark nose. Guanaco Distribution. Guanacos have been found living up to 4,000 metres above sea level. They are found primarily in Argentina, but also roam the high plains and mountains of Peru, Bolivia, Chile, and, to a lesser extent, Paraguay.Guanacos also exist in the Atacama Desert—the driest desert in the world—where they survive on water-bearing cacti flowers and lichen. Additionally, their hearts are 15% larger than those of animals of comparable size. They can survive in this low oxygen environment because they have 4x the number of red blood cells (oxygen carrying cells) than humans do. #8: Guanacos can run 35 miles an hour, which is almost as fast as a tiger. Guanacos are related to camels, as are vicunas, llamas, and alpacas. One teaspoon contains roughly 68 million red blood cells. In captivity, the longest known lifespan is 33.7 years (Tacuta et al., 2013). Guanacos often live in grasslands, montane areas, shrublands, savannas and steppes. The ever-practical guanaco has even adapted for efficient eating. Guanacos may live up to 28 years in captivity or in the wild (Franklin, 2011). Similar to llamas, guanacos are gregarious creatures. You will find them in intensely arid regions as well as in very rainy regions. They are known to be masters of survival because they do adapt to any environment. Bachelor males form separate herds. Though many reserves have been created in South America to protect the dwindling guanaco populations, guanacos will likely continue to face extinction in countries where their numbers are low since poaching is still a problem. 5. They have a very long neck. A natural enemy of the guanaco in the wild is the puma. Guanacos live in herds composed of females, their young, and a dominant male. A guanaco. 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