Planning Post Placement These top 70 best deck railing ideas are proving themselves worthy of a nod from the most discerning of guests. Whether you are installing cable railing on a deck, staircase, or balcony, it’s important to make sure that your railing system is up to code. However, if your deck is near a steep drop off, embankment, or cliff, you should include a railing for safety purposes. Deck Height and Level. Stair rail posts should be every 4’0” max, while the deck posts may be up to 8’0” apart. Span requirements ensure your deck won't sag or collapse during a party or under snow load. : 1792 ÷ 115 = 15.5 No. If the deck is more than a certain distance from the ground, often 30 inches, a railing may be required. Lv 7. As an example, if you had a distance of 300 cm (120) inches with spacing of 10 cm (4 inches) and spindle width of 5 cm (2 inches), you would divide 300 by 15 to calculate 20 spindles. Some code requirements stipulate that balusters must be 4-inches apart for stair building. Luckily, there are building organizations dedicated to ensuring that all architectural and construction details are safe and secure. For a composite railing system, slide the post sleeve over the wood post, then the post sleeve skirt over the post sleeve; both should … How far apart should posts be on a deck railing? [48][49][50][51][52] You should be careful when mentioning child safety as 4 inches is not child safe. This railing will require balusters (sometimes called spindles) and vertical posts that support your railing. Before you begin, consult local building codes to determine the required overall height of the railing and how far apart the balusters must be. Most people don’t give a lot of thought to the specifics of railings: the height, the space between balusters, the size of openings, etc. As with any deck, remember that any deck that is 2 feet or more above the ground must have a railing system. Example 3.I. spindles. The posts can be any distance apart, but usually either 4' or 8' The balusters, however, must be spaced so that there is no more than a 4 inch gap between. The first rule is that the balusters should be spaced evenly: The on-center distance between balusters should be the same for the whole stairway (see Baluster Spacing, below). spindles. For child safety, the balusters or other decorative infill must be spaced less than 4 inches apart (a 4-inch-diameter ball should not pass between the balusters). Your deck will require a railing that extends on both sides of your stairs, and around the perimeter of your deck. Bolts should be vertically spaced no less than 5-1/8 inch apart. Relevance. 2 years ago. This is a minimum required height for residential structure—higher guards are acceptable. Cable railings need very rigid frames and typically they are constructed of either stainless steel, extruded aluminum or wood. If you are building a PVC railing, the posts should be no further apart than 6 ft (1.8 m), because PVC is not as strong as wood. 4 Answers. The spacing of the spindles should be too slim to slip through (good alliteration, huh? The sloped rail on the stairs is called a rake rail. An other option IMHO, would be to leave the railing off and extend the steps all around. e.g. Take the total feet of your deck and multiply it by 3 to get the number of balusters you’ll need. The width of the balusters will partly influence how far apart they sit. U.S. building code requires support posts for the rail structure to be no further apart than 6 feet on a deck with 4×4’ deck rail posts and no more than 8 feet apart … Summary. Railings are required on decks that are 30 inches or more above grade, railings must be at least 36 inches high, and balusters must be no more than 4 inches apart. Builders and officials alike generally recommend that you mount and install posts no more than 8 feet apart. ). Calculate the space the spindles will occupy by multiplying the spindle width by the number of spindles. For examples, many states require that the spindles of the railing can be no more than 9 inches apart. The balusters were spaced ok but ran horizonal. Deck Guardrail Height . Porches may be different, and there may be some deviation on certain construction. In this example, the formula would be 19 x 4 = 76; 255.1 - 76 = 179.1 cm. : 1792 ÷ 121 = 14.8 No. 2 years ago. Balusters should not greater than 4 inches apart, so a deck should have roughly 3 balusters per foot. View in gallery The railing posts match the outdoor furniture perfectly both in shape and color. For Building a Deck Railing, Deck Frame, or Fence. Answer Save. If the balusters will run horizontally along your deck, the 4 by 4 railing posts cannot be more that 6 feet apart. 16.2 Railings: Deck Railing Installation While many aspects of deck construction may not even require permitting or inspection in many areas, especially in the rural US, it is wise to pay attention to building codes, as they describe some of the safest ways to construct decks. Another way is to do the posts as a separate piece of the deck. Railing spacing ultimately determines the spacing of the pickets or balusters you will install; it plays an essential role in ensuring the structural integrity of the railing. How high the railing should be; How far apart the balusters should be; How to attach your deck posts to the framing Even if you’ve installed deck railing before, you may find that the rules have changed in your state. Reader Question: Methods for reducing the space between stair balusters that are too far apart. The design should incorporate all the state requirements, while also fulfilling what the family needs as well. Deck guardrails (guards) should rise to at least 36 inches above the residential deck level. We have an apartment complex in Oregon, and the insurance company is requiring that we tighten up the metal posts on the railings. Starting with your perimeter, mark the location of each deck … There are specific requirements for each aspect of the railing system, such as handrail height, the amount of pressure that the system must be able to withstand, and how far apart the posts must be spaced. Building code requirements state that the cables must be rigid enough to prevent a 4” sphere from passing through them. Post Anchors are made to support a maximum raililng height of 42 inches. Balusters—or spindles—are more than just the vertical supports for your handrail.They actually play a big part in the look of your stairway. A deck more than 2 feet or two steps above ground must have a railing. How many balusters should a deck have? For 35mm spindles divide by 115. The current specification for child safety is a spacing of 2 3/4 inch maximum. For 32mm spindles divide by 112. spindles. For example, many states now require specialized connectors to attach deck rail posts to the floor frame. 11 September 2005 at 7:22PM edited 30 November -1 at 12:00AM in In my home (includes DIY) MoneySaving. Typically, professionals like to keep posts at a symmetrical 6 feet apart throughout the deck. e.g. The same rules apply to these types of balusters – no gap more than 4” apart, with a maximum spacing of 4” from the top of the deck boards, and a minimum of 36” high for the entire railing. Placing spindles too far apart can result in a reduction in stability, so that the banister is weak and not supported correctly. 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