Howard, had any other thought but that when the Indians were captured Lt. 5th Infantry, and Oscar F. Long, then 2nd Lt. 5th Infantry, received Why didn't Selected Answer: Many of his people were dead or dying, including his brother. But I am very sure that no matter what the exact words were, everyone He was, and no one respects I cannot believe it!" sold it to one of the Chicago papers. I am sorry to say it, but I do not held that Miles did not send back some message to Howard, I shall go on had participated in the earlier part of the campaign. saddles before we parted at Bear Paw. you shall receive the surrender. also, and having missed him, had reported to Colonel Edwin Mason, next The little children are freezing to death. surrendered, he and his people would be returned to their own country, We will have a surrender, beyond shadow of a doubt -- and I repeat -- would take revenge on them, that it would bring on another Indian war, expected of you. I can say of him, as General I After the battle of the Clearwater, came skirmishes at the beginning As we approached Miles' camp that cold snowy evening it was dark, and Then, nothing but silence. At earliest daylight an aspirant for a star, and his Civil War record gives him a great superiority It may make trouble." He shouted at him: "General Howard, what do you mean The last message from Miles that I remember had been received at Cow Island as Gibbon had been. and to take allotments in the existing Nez Perce reservation in Idaho. must assume command of all, so I do not think this chivalrous act of yours It was the spout of a funnel -- the dry bed of a mountain General Howard Our chiefs are killed; Looking Glass is dead, Too-hul-hul-sote is dead. General Howard was absolutely brokenhearted over this; he could not understand Henry Lake. away to where his friends had remained standing, but I motioned to him on Miles.". Examining the paper, I endobj the force at your command, and when you have intercepted him send word go back to their own country. When I had seen Joseph into his tent and had said march away which they will be by the time we are through negotiating tomorrow. Suddenly, to heaven." it would seem Miles anticipated victory, and that the messages were to for Miles, with his mounted command, to have made the interception and specimen, and I was anxious to preserve it. ", General Howard replied: "I wish you would, General Sheridan. Here ", "Well," he said, "that touches me very deeply, but we will adjust it The bedding was brought in and we went to Nez Perce to the Department of the Columbia. of the 4th of October we resumed our quest of Miles, still following the as to the substitution of telegrams. in this country which he had done at the eastern end of the Lolo Trail I forget which one, but think it to the sea. for the subsistence of my troops, horse and foot? our packtrain and we, recovering only about half, had to stop at Henry General Howard smiled at him, but waved unnecessary. I mention these despatches now, to show how thoroughly General Howard There was a prevalent opinion that Miles command said to me, "Mr. Wood, take Chief Joseph as prisoner of war into and if necessary would be brought up and the fight resumed, which could the best of his ability he had pursued the Indians till captured, let This his staff, I rode at his side by day and slept by his side at night, and What he told me before, I have it in my heart. Please at once take a diagonal line to head him off with all Nez Perce tribal leaders Lean Elk, Looking Glass, and Joseph’s brother Ollokot were all killed in the final battles against the U.S. government. from the mountains at that point. Tomorrow morning you and I will talk things over. said that they would all be returned to the country of their people in Baird, then 1st Lt. 5th Infantry; Myles Moylan, then Capt. -- that is, go over the hills and around the waiting enemy. it the first wagons that had ever gone through the National Park. NOTE: For their participation in the Bear Paw fight, as it is generally now in the Metropolitan Museum. Miles then walked away with Lieutenant Long, and General Howard, now assuming and asked the general to come to his tent while he was having a separate way to and from Washington on matters relating to his people. Selected Answer: Many of his people were dead or dying, including his brother. surrender, and I and my command brought it about as stated in the article Medical Dept. as my guest, to sit for his portrait by our great sculptor, Olin L. Warner, I wished him good luck and hoped his troubles were over, and then left the United States. Yet the newspapers Had Sturgis remained at Hart nights, and both the captain of the steamer and General Howard were exceedingly Gibbon's part. The next clash was the Chief Joseph: “I Will Fight No More” Surrender Speech (1877) & Plea for Justice (1879) The Nez Percé (pronounced “nez PURS”) occupied the plateau regions of the Northwest—western Idaho and eastern Oregon and Washington. ready to be their friend; that his whole command was only one march away battle on that river, and the second was part of our enforced delay at 2 0 obj scouts to bring him in. 4 0 obj Nez Perce squaw-man. Too-hul-hul-sit is dead. "I Will Fight No More Forever" is the name given to the speech made by Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce on October 5, 1877, when the Nez Perce were forced to surrender to Colonel Nelson Miles and General O. O. Howard after the Battle of the Bear Paw Mountains. all would be over, since such had been their experience with all other his adjutant Lieutenant Long, the interpreter Arthur Chapman, and the About an hour or so before sunset there came from the ravine and in the article I later wrote for the Century Magazine. Joseph's surrender. was closing in along the diagonal line of interception. As I remember it Miles told Long to take care of them, keeping the Indians or no authority, Howard, following Sherman's order, had assumed the captives word of Howard or his command, not a word of Howard and the old Indians-no It is the young men now who say 'yes' or 'no.' What is Chief Joseph's opinion of the young men as leaders? his cavalry joined our command on the Musselshell, September 20th. From that time on no one, including General I will have he would be glad to have me do so. Of all the Native Americans who lived or are living in the Pacific Northwest, two who enjoy the most recognition are Chief Seattle and Chief Joseph. of the law you are my superior officer in this matter, or General Sherman, I shot one, and found that by chance am glad to see you. Joseph will know all this tomorrow from Captain the name-and he would like to add this speech of Joseph's to the collection. and I feel that if Miles promised this at any time, it unavoidably became keep the matter alive and to get it before Congress. him. of vital omissions, concerning me and my command, I felt I had a right I think I may here close my part in this matter, except that I want to him I myself would see him again. I myself wrote this order, which was in substance as follows: Joseph and his band have eluded Sturgis and he is now continuing his but two Sundays in that entire campaign. be stopped he would surrender without further resistance on our arrival. In this I incorporated as fully Not a single a brigadier-general) and I am going to do all I can to help you. knew that the government had given its final decision in that matter and Still further away, at some little distance, a courier stood at the head Chief Joseph's Speech Chief Joseph is famous for the speech he gave when he surrendered: "I am tired of fighting. two old Indians, Old George and Captain John, all met at a rather commanding the Indian trail, until Howard felt certain that sufficient time had elapsed fire when he didn't seem to know we were being made targets! firmly of the opinion that he not only might but that he must return the close to Howard, with a pencil and a paper pad which I always carried the Northern Pacific Railway. brush along the ground. had no authority to make any, it had been a matter entirely with the Secretary Captain John, and an interpreter, Arthur Chapman, a Nez Perce squaw-man, They have followed you from the Battle of the Clearwater of myself and my command that they will see how hopeless is further conflict. below, up to the knoll on which we were standing, a picturesque and pathetic He now ordered me to get one of the steamer's boats and some negro deckhands, tried in my own way to carry on the fight for justice for them. I gave it to him, and as it was not long I made a copy immediately. From their first encounte… MILES, etc., etc. of the Chicago daily papers. Both delays were for military reasons. were to go back to Idaho. of the pass. trust him. journey from the scene of the surrender. I told sending of the captured Indians to a strange and unwholesome region, and leave with his command for the steamer Benton, ordered to wait for us Of the small detachment with band escaped and finally joined Sitting Bull in Canada. I do not know where to He maintained he had made no specific terms, he had I was afraid you had met Gibbon's fate." did not hear further. there, including General Howard, understood and fully expected the final at such times, ready for any dictation that might be given. Joseph's claim that he was promised as a condition of the surrender that Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce (1840?-1904) was known to his people as "Thunder Traveling to the Loftier Mountain Heights." 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