Amelanchier arborea, or common serviceberry, is a small tree or tall shrub that reaches heights of 15 to 25 feet. Plant Names (Nomenclature) What's wrong with my plant? Botanical Name: Amelanchier sp. Always be aware of the relevant local laws before you remove a plant from the wild. View as Grid List. Pricing/Availability: Because of the small size of the tree, serviceberry is not a commercial species. In many areas, native plants such as serviceberry are considered protected species and may not be gathered without proper permits. It grows slowly and reaches a mature height of 15 to 25 feet. A. laevis (Allegheny serviceberry). Produces berry-like fruit that ripens in June, changing from … Also called juneberries or Saskatoon berries, several serviceberry species are native to Minnesota and other parts of the United States. Roundleaf serviceberry (Amelanchier sanguinea) Preferring dry soils, this species grows in thickets and woods in New England, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, and Maryland. The Latin species name refers to the red twigs. It can be grown either as a large shrub or a small tree, depending on how it is pruned. trees are grown for their year-long ornamental interest … In early spring, the white flowers bloom in short, erect flower clusters. Does best in lightly moist to moist soils. Size and Light Requirements At home in full sun or partial shade, the serviceberry is […] This gorgeous native tree provides a spectacular display throughout all the seasons. are large shrubs or single- or multi-stemmed small trees. The Amelanchiergenus is made up of about 20 species of shrubs and small deciduous trees commonly known as Serviceberry, Shadbush, Sarvisberry, Juneberry, Saskatoon serviceberry, Shadblow, Shadwood, Sugarplum, and Wild-plum. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. Serviceberry provides year-round interest in white spring flowers, yellow to red fall foliage, smooth gray bark, and edible purple fruit. Some varieties have single trunks, while others have more than one trunk. However, holly, winterberry, and other similar trees have toxic fruits, and some of them are harmful to humans but not animals. per page. View as Grid List. Inland serviceberry (Amelanchier interior) is known by many names: serviceberry, juneberry, shadbush, shadblow and May cherry. After the show of these blooms, clusters of edible berries form. 1 Item . is a small, shrub or tree that, although frequently cultivated as a garden specimen, also grows in the wild. The early white spring flowers, outstanding orange-red fall color, and striking gray bark make it a lovely specimen for any landscape. Serviceberry (Juneberry) species – Amelanchier ssp. In most serviceberry species, the berries are red when they are immature but darken to a deep blue or purple as they ripen. The very best time to identify serviceberries is in the early spring, when their white blooms stick out against a still dull countryside. A hybrid form, apple serviceberry (Amelanchier x grandiflora) is a fast-growing tree that can reach 25 feet tall and wide. This tree grows to 20 feet tall. Like blueberries, each serviceberry fruit has a. Shadblow serviceberry (Amelanchier canadensis), also known as Canadian serviceberry or Juneberry, is a large, multi-trunked shrub that can grow up to 30 feet tall. Leaves alternate, simple, tough, oval to rounded or nearly 4 sided, from 1/4 to 3/4 of the margin serrate, tomentose beneath when young, soon becoming glabrous, 2-5 cm long, 8-13 … As low as $450.00. Smooth serviceberry (A. laevis) is larger shrub or small tree, often reaching heights of 40 to 45 feet, and is native to east central Minnesota. Like blueberries, each serviceberry fruit has a fringed crown opposite its stem. Soil pH: 5.5 to 7.0; tolerates higher. All Rights Reserved. Alleghany serviceberry (Amelanchier laevis) has a slim, upright growth habit, often reaching 25 feet in height but only 5 to 10 feet in canopy width. The crown also helps to differentiate serviceberries from potentially harmful native berries, none of which has a crown. Downy Serviceberry is a Tree. Its flower clusters are held erect, and its berries are dark purple when ripe. Show. Evan Gillespie grew up working in his family's hardware and home-improvement business and is an experienced gardener. In addition to serviceberry, the common names include Juneberry, shadbush, shadblow, saskatoon, sarvisberry and Indian wild pear. Flowers give rise to very flavorful, red to purple-black, berrylike fruits relished by both songbirds and people. The edible purplish-black fruit in late summer is attractive to many birds. Downy serviceberry (A. arborea) is a 15-to-25-foot multi-stemmed shrub or small tree that is native to the eastern border of Minnesota. The Autumn Brilliance serviceberry is an excellent choice for those who want to add a native tree. This tree: Blooms in March and April (depending on location), with delicate white flowers arranged in clusters. Serviceberry trees display white blooms just before their foliage emerges in early spring, offering some of the earliest sources of nectar for pollinators. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices, and is reported by the IUCN as being a species of least concern. Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) Regents of the University of Minnesota. The serviceberry in the western part of Iowa is usually only shrub-like. Saskatoon (Amelanchier alnifolia) is a native of western North America. Plant Search > Downy Serviceberry Downy Serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea) About Downy Serviceberry. Eastern or Canadian serviceberry or shadbush (A. canadensis), is a upright suckering shrub or small tree that grows to 20 feet tall. f.) Fernald symbol: AMAR3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate, 1 1/2 to 3 inches long, pinnately-veined, finely serrate, green above and paler below, may be pubescent below, particularly when young. 'Autumn Brilliance' - 25 feet tall by 15 feet wide, rounded growth habit, red fall color. © Any pieces available would be a specialist or hobbyist application. – Serviceberry for most common pests in Minnesota. Downy serviceberry (Amelanchier arborea), which is also often called shadbush, is native to much of the eastern one-half of the United States. A small, slender shrub or tree reaching 20 feet in height, roundleaf serviceberry has spreading, slender stems. Most berry trees are not poisonous and taste great in pies, such as serviceberry and beautyberry. Hardiness zone: 2 to 8, cultivar dependent. The striking flowers, the purplish, often sweet berries, and the brilliant fall color make serviceberry an attractive landscaping tree. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Even though serviceberry species vary in size and form, most of them share a few characteristics. Serviceberry fruit is round and, depending on its plant's species, varies from about 1/4 to 1/2 inch diameter. 'Regent' - 6 feet tall by 8 feet wide, compact rounded growth habit, yellow and red fall color, drought tolerant. They have tan or grayish bark, clumping or oval forms and alternating leaves with straight veins, pointed tips and serrated edges. The tree flowers in the early spring, and has beautiful, delicate white flowers. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Pendulous clusters of small, round fruit ripens to dark purple in June. Prefers loam soils, tolerates sand and clay. There are 20 species of serviceberries, including downy serviceberry, Canadian serviceberry and Allegheny serviceberry. It differs from some related species in that its immature leaves are bronze in color. Serviceberry specieshave erect or drooping flowers in clusters of one to four flowers, or in racemes with 4 to 20 flowers. When leaves first appear, they are fuzzy, before transforming to yellow, red, and orange leaves in fall. The Common serviceberry or the downy serviceberry produces larger fruit. This species produces … The flowers last only a few days and give way to juicy berries that resemble blueberries in size, color and flavor. Because of this, the general characteristics will be shown and examples Serviceberry (Amelanchier spp.) This species is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 9. Downy serviceberry is a tall shrub or small tree found throughout Missouri in open or rocky woods. Most cultivated trees grow between 6 and 30 feet tall with a 4- to 10-foot spread. – Serviceberry. About 10 feet in height, it is somewhat smaller than certain other serviceberry species. The five-petaled flowers closely resemble apple blossoms but with skinnier petals. Downy serviceberry is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 4 through 9. Like other members of the species, it can be pruned to a small tree with a central truck, or it can be left with multiple trunks. They are used as specimen and key plants in landscapes as well as in group plantings as borders, backdrops and screens. The trees yield drooping clusters of white blossoms in spring before the foliage emerges. This plant normally is a shrub or small tree, generally not getting much larger than four or five inches in diameter. Shop Trees by Species ; Serviceberry Trees; Serviceberry Trees. In most serviceberry species, the berries are red when they are immature but darken to a deep blue or purple as they ripen. The edible fruit matures in two to three months to small, sweet, blue … To tell the two species apart, the unfolding foliage of A. laevis is a bronze color and the young leaves lack hair (the Latin name “laevis” means hairless). Tolerates a wide range of conditions. His work has appeared in the South Bend Tribune, the Fort Wayne Journal-Gazette, Arts Everywhere magazine and many other publications. Standing Ovation™- 15 feet tall by 4 feet wide, upright and narrow-crowned growth habit, red and orange fall color. Mother Earth News: The Amazing Serviceberry. See What's wrong with my plant? None serious. This lovely tree has colorful fall foliage in a blend of orange, gold, red and green. Kathy Zuzek, former Extension educator; Beth Berlin, Extension educator; and Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator. downy serviceberry Rosaceae Amelanchier arborea (Michx. Ripe fruit can be eaten fresh or used in jams, jellies and pies. The crown also helps to differentiate serviceberries from potentially harmful native berries, none of which has a crown. As mentioned before, the flowers are extremely ornamental, but the bloom period is short in duration (perhaps a week). Show. Add to Cart. Have your soil tested by the U of M Soil Testing Lab. Clusters of 5-petaled, white flowers with brightly-colored anthers in late April or May. Its white flower clusters droop when they bloom, its berries are red when ripe and its bark is smooth, gray and vertically striped. 1 Item . Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Some wild berries are poisonous. It is hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9. Its berries are dark blue or nearly black when they are ripe. Rainbow Pillar® - 20 feet tall by 10 feet wide, upright growth habit, orange and red fall color. In the wild, it can grow significantly larger than in the landscape. Amelanchier As one would expect from a small tree in the rose family, the serviceberry has beautiful flowers and fruit that attract birds and butterflies, as well as brilliant orange-yellow foliage, and reddish bark that becomes more distinct with age. Cl… Like downy serviceberry, its bark is gray and striped, but it holds its flower clusters more upright. Serviceberry, (genus Amelanchier), genus of some 20 species of flowering shrubs and small trees of the rose family (Rosaceae). Trees are woody perennial plants, usually with a single trunk, relatively tall . 2020 Allegheny serviceberry is a small native understory tree with four-season interest. This species is closely related to A. arborea. The leaves usually grow between 1 1/4 and 3 1/4 inches long and change to red, orange or yellow in autumn. Serviceberry trees fill with small white blossoms just as the earliest trees are breaking bud. Full sun to full shade; cultivars grown for fruit will produce best in full sun. Serviceberry fruit is round and, depending on its plant's species, varies from about 1/4 to 1/2 inch diameter. Excellent wildlife plants attractive to pollinators, birds and other animals. It is hardy in USDA zones 4 through 8. All rights reserved. It is a multitrunked shrub or small tree with a rounded crown. These diagnostic tools will guide you step-by-step through diagnosing a plant problem or identifying a weed or insect. All of them have small, elliptical leaves with fine teeth along the edges. In fact, George Washington added this species to his estate at Mount Vernon. Set Descending Direction. All are listed as being present within the Ceded Territory with the exception of one without specified counties listed. A common understory tree in the southeastern forests of the U.S., serviceberry is found in the wild from Louisiana to Newfoundland and as far west as Washington. Serviceberry trees vary in size. Some of the species may actually be subspecies or hybrids of other ones. Other common names reflect when the plant flowers, which is in spring, about the time of Easter services and when shad fish spawn. (native species) USDA has listed 10 different Serviceberry species present in Minnesota. Most species are North American; exceptions include the snowy mespilus (Amelanchier ovalis), which ranges over Europe, and the Asian serviceberry, or Korean juneberry (A. Sort By. The answer depends on the species of tree. Botanists have had a hard time sorting out the different species in this genus because of hybridization and the fact that these plants can produce seeds asexually (without being pollinated) through a process called apomixis. Early leaves are silvery-green and furry, changing to oval leaves after flowering. Serviceberry prefers acidic, evenly moist soils in partial shade, with some morning sun. 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