© Copyright Merino USA. Lanolin is just a fancy name for the waxy oils a sheep produces to maintain its fleece health. The Lanolin is the Sheep's natural nourisher & protector against the extremes of its environment. Keep in mind that any time you process wool for lanolin, the resulting wool will be a bit different than what you’re used to. Some people are allergic to lanolin, which makes them react adversely to wool textiles. Alpaca wool is a great hypoallergenic alternative to wool, because… 100% pure alpaca wool contains minimal levels of lanolin, and is therefore considered hypoallergenic. When the sheep is shorn each year (the sheep's hair cut) the wool is washed, processed & the Lanolin Oil extracted & refined. From a technical perspective, the diameter of wool is measured in microns, and the lower the micron the finer and more expensive it is. If not, then anyone with a ‘true’ wool allergy – meaning they’re allergic to lanolin (like me) – will also be allergic to merino wool. So goats would not have “lanolin.” But all mammals probably have some similar substance that coats their hair fibers. The Short Answer: Lanolin is a complex combination of waxes, oils, esters and alcohols that coat the fibers of sheep’s wool. Wool is carefully shorn (cut using electric clippers) from the live sheep by sheepshearers. What Exactly is Merino Wool? Merino is a breed of sheep highly prized for its soft and finely crimped wool. The use of LANOLIN in cosmetics and skin care has a history longer than almost any other ingredient. Merino wool is a natural, renewable fiber—meaning one sheep can grow four to five pounds of wool per year. Merino is an excellent forager and very adaptable. Lanolin is a grease produced by sheep to help maintain and protect its fleece. What does ‘Merino’ mean? LANOLIN is the precious oily secretion from the skin of the sheep that becomes trapped in the sheep's wool. Flystrike happens when blowfly eggs laid on the skin hatch, and the larvae fee… Any wool from a lanolin producing animal will cause problems. Does the Merino wool hype have any basis? Merino wool is predominantly made of interlocking protein molecules, the same protein in our own skin and hair, individual wool fibers have the ability to be bent, flexed and stretched in any direction 30,000 times or more without damage! Mulesing is done to reduce flystrike. The wool quilt is not a bad fabric to be under, it just doe snot have the same qualities as other wool versions. I think the answer that you’re looking for is that wool as a natural ingredient coming from a sheep has also a close contant to the skin of this animal, where the lanolin oil is produced to give a natural barier between skin and water to protect sheep from unfavorable weather conditions. The properties of the natural lanolin in the sheep’s wool works to repel odors from the material. The performance of this quite remarkable substance and it's many derivatives has been endlessly demonstrated down through the ages. But should you ever feel like your clothing is ready for a wash, Merino wool is completely machine washable, and it air-dries quickly. It’s a pretty amazing fiber. Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window). The Sebum plays a vital role in moderating the moisture balance of the Stratum Corneum and thereby it's condition. First, wool comes in a variety of forms, including sheep’s wool, merino wool, and cashmere wool. These types of wool range in texture, insulation, and appearance. The presence of cellular moisture within this layer is responsible for the plumpness, smoothness, elasticity and translucency of healthy, young skin. Actually I really hate merino wool for many reasons. As with many natural fibres that come from animals, the name we use for the fabric indicates a particular breed of animal. Different wool: possibly the wool was too old, and the lanolin had dried up and fallen/rubbed off, or evaporated; maybe that wool didn't have enough lanolin to give a result in the first place A number of recipes suggest adding salt to the water, so we might should try that Aging, sunlight and the vagaries of life in general result in a reduction in the ability of the Stratum Corneum to retain its ideal moisturise content, so the skin gets drier, rougher & looses it's youthful elasticity . It is a unique, multifunctional substance, designed by nature, fashioned by man . Therefore there is NO animal cruelty associated with shearing the sheep. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Reference ORR, S. R. Dr, Lanolin Demythologized, Personal Care, January 2001. Woolen garments are not likely to smell of sweat. In short, alpaca wool is hypallergenic and free from lanolin. It is great for wet felting but less good for needle felting as it takes so long to felt and can often give a fluffy finish. Sheep wool contains a small amount of lanolin. Pure natural LANOLIN is too thick and too greasy for the skin. We just don’t call it lanolin. This means you don’t have to worry as much about any unwanted smell. Though they might be a cinch to find and may even be inexpensive, depending on the quality of wool, there are a fe w essential drawbacks to consider: Also, merino wool does not let anybody … These oils of Lanolin are extremely similar to those natural oils we secrete from within our own skin(we're both animals). Historically, many pharmacopoeias have referred to lanolin as wool fat (adeps lanae); however, as lanolin lacks glycerides (glycerol esters), it is not a true fat. They are also unlikely to cause allergies. Merino wool isn't thee only wool or thee most perfect wool. Odor-resistant: Merino wool has antimicrobial properties, as the natural lanolin in the sheep’s wool repels odor-causing bacteria. ">Professor Kligman wrote -In a healthy population encountering lanolin in the normal way, the incidence of lanolin allergy is vanishingly small. Merino Skincare uses various fractions of LANOLIN in scientifically balanced proportions . They shear (cut) the wool off the sheep; then the wool is washed before the wool oil (lanolin) is extracted (scoured) from the wool. Merino wool is easy to care for, and its waxy Lanolin coating helps resist stains. Merino Wool If you do suspect a lanolin allergy, look for wools from other sources. It is the ultimate emollient. Certainly this is a natural & inevitable process, but the incorporation of moisturising materials in skin care systems can be effective. An understanding of Lanolin's unique qualities is helpful. *Emollient defined as an oil, having the ability to enhance the moisture content of the Stratum Corneum & thereby imparting a smooth softening effect. All Rights Reserved. It is harvested for its own properties and is a great moisturiser. The Lanolin is the Sheep's natural nourisher & protector against the extremes of its environment. That is due to the barbs, the dander, and the lanolin found in regular wool. In this case, a breed of sheep — thought to have originated in Morocco — found in southwestern Spain. Theme by Jason M Design. In addition, some find alpaca wool to be softer and warmer than sheep wool. Thus Lanolin is the only animal (human compatible) oil obtainable without having to kill or dissect the animal. No allergy Professor A. M. Kligman, world famous American Dermatologist has clinical studies proving that 99% of dermatitis patients were not allergic to lanolin. If lanolin is re-added through the use of detergent, the wool becomes water-repellent once again, making it difficult for the woollen clothing to absorb moisture and sweat from the body. Sheepshearers are specialized farm workers who learn this skill over many years of shearing practice. Plus, this fiber has evolved over the years to keep sheep comfortable in harsh environments. What gets tricky is the allergy aspect. If it has not been super washed, then the wool fabric may be itchier than the alpaca quilt. Hair, for example, has very little scale and no crimp, so it is nearly impossible to weave into a yarn since the smooth straightness of the hair doesn’t create grip. A century of scientific investigation has evolved qualities, traditionally unparalleled in their stringency and surety. But garments made from ‘regular’ sheep’s wool, while warm, are relatively heavy and can feel scratchy due to the coarseness of the wool. Here at Branberry, we use predominately Australian Merino Wool. Outdoors Father is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon.com. But Lanolin in our opinion forms the greatest replacement of our endlessly leached skin oils (washing, pollution, air-conditioning etc). When the sheep is shorn each year (the sheep's hair cut) the wool is washed, processed & the Lanolin Oil extracted & refined. “Wool” brings back mostly negative memories of having to wear unpleasantly scratchy clothes to cope with even more unpleasant weather. The moisture within these cells is considered to be in an emulsified form, maintained through the action of naturally surface active Lipids of the Sebum. Scale is the roughness of the surface of the fiber. Is merino wool free of the lanolin that the sheep produce? Created in New Zealand in 1980, those who have discovered the secret of Merino Skin Care are passionate advocates and life long users. The risks are miniscule-. In addition to its insulating properties, sheep’s wool contains lanolin, which repels water and bacteria. Blue Faced Leicester is a long fine wool with a staple length of 4-6 inches. Wool is a natural fibre obtained by shearing the coat of a sheep (or goat, or alpaca or similar animal). Since merino wool manages moisture so well, there is no wet environment for that bacteria to grow. Merino is a breed that is currently only great at super fine wool and nothing else. The lanolin will work to keep away bacteria and mitigate strong lasting odors. 100% pure alpaca wool does not need to be treated with chemicals We should begin to emphasize the benefits; not the risks. How Do We Get Merino Wool? Merino vs Wool. This is why wool doesn’t readily absorb odors compared to other materials. Wool allergy is believed to come from lanolin — a protective, waxy layer that covers every strand of sheep hair. Lanolin is an excellent emollient - it helps soften and soothe skin. If you don’t do this, your wool will be unusable. The wool is harvested from sheep just like milk is harvested from cows, and honey is harvested from bees. Merino wool can have as many as 100 crimps per inch. Remember the quote from Professor Kligman: -Lanolin is a marvelous material. Meat sheep breeds produce perfectly usable good wool, just not the same as a merino. The Stratum Corneum is the outer layer of the Epidermis and is a lipid (oil) rich system, being bathed in an oily coating of Sebum, which is secreted by the Sebaceous glands of the skin. Largest Selection - 100% Money Back Guarantee - On Time Shipping - Best Customer Service. These happy animals hang out in temperatures that range from 5 degrees to 95 degrees—no problem. A hundred years ago, local Yorkshire wool mills were still scouring (washing) their fleece in the same stream that drove the water wheel that powered the mill. It would be a shame to hinder the wool’s ability to absorb u to 33% of its own weight in moisture without feeling wet. Leached due to our environmental harshness & modern way of life. Lanolin used by humans comes from domestic sheep breeds that are raised specifically for their wool. Nature is abundant with materials which are beneficial to humans & their well-being . Like other sheep’s wools, merino needs scouring prior to being spun to yarn which is an energy and time-consuming process involving washing and rinsing the wool. The alternatives are alpaca or camel wool as these animals do not produce lanolin. It can be purchased as a soft wax to put on other products. They always have access to clean water and ample food, shelter, preventive care, and speedy treatment, and often call thousands of acres home. It does work well for adding detail and colour, but I would advise making a base core shape using a bulkier wool and then adding some merino. A perfect match! LANOLIN is such a material. Lanolin is a by product of the wool industry. Ask a user. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! This gets rid of the fatty grease lanolin, which is a by-product used in cosmetics, but it means that only about half of the initial fleece can be used in the production of a garment. St. Johns Institute of Dermatology, London reviewed 24,930 patients for fifteen (15) years (1982-1996), who has Eczema and there was no reaction to lanolin products. Merino wool feels nice and soft to most people. Lanolin is a wax secreted by the sheep. Merino should have taken a lesson from alpaca and cashmere and completely dropped the word “wool” from its name. It might have a … Our sheep are raised to roam. I say should because if the fiber is prepped in a wool facility, there may be cross contamination. LANOLIN is the precious oily secretion from the skin of the sheep that becomes trapped in the sheep's wool. While most moisturising cremes & lotions use as their base oils, either vegetable or mineral oils, they don't have Lanolin's compatibility to those oils of our skin. It is made of keratin, just like human hair, however unlike human hair wool also contains lanolin in its natural state. Ethically sourced wool products begin with flocks of hardy Merino sheep grazing on green grass in the shadow of jagged peaks. Then you’ll soak the wool again to remove more lanolin, following the same process. What Does Merino Wool Feel Like? There are extensive records of safe use of lanolin in skincare applications. We use some mineral & vegetable oils as supplements. Lanolin … AND. Alpaca wool, for example, does not contain lanolin – so is therefor hypoallergenic. It is bred predominantly for its wool, and its carcass size is generally smaller than that of sheep bred for meat. Predating Science, it was never 'invented' & has never been bettered for versatility. - Outdoors Father It is made with those fine fibers we already spoke about and those fibers make sure that most people have a great wool wearing experience. Any wool will have some Lanolin in it (even if superwashed), and any non-wool fiber should be free of it. Unfortunately, despite high industry standards for merino sheep, there is controversy over the practice of mulesing the sheep. As wool is a natural fiber then the sheep has evolved to produce anti bacterial agents to keep its wool from being a haven for Bactria when it is on the sheep still. LANOLIN certainly has this effect. Commonly this is referred to as lanolin's. Wool’s ability to manage moisture plus the lanolin coating on merino fibers mean that bacteria – including odor producing bacteria - can’t easily grow. Merino is whole heartedly based on lanolin oil which is the oil nature produces closest to our human skin oil. 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