It found that Bangkok in 1960 had 193 days at or above 32 °C. Two men were found shot to death inside a tailor shop this afternoon in Bangkok’s Chinatown in what police suspect was a murder-suicide. Bangkok alone accounts for 48.4 percent of Thailand's service sector, which in turn constitutes 49 percent of GDP. Rabies is prevalent among the dog population, and treatment for bites pose a heavy public burden. The area is the site of the country's seat of power as well as the city's most popular tourist landmarks.[61]. Bangkok became the centre stage for power struggles between the military and political elite as the country abolished absolute monarchy in 1932. Unisex | Means ‘magical power’ and originates from the Thai language | pronounced AH-phin-yah. Stock Exchange of Thailand 2012, pp. Traditional Thai art, long developed within religious and royal contexts, continues to be sponsored by various government agencies in Bangkok, including the Department of Fine Arts' Office of Traditional Arts. The Bangkok Mass Transit Authority (BMTA) operates a monopoly on bus services, with substantial concessions granted to private operators. Despite the length of it, an impressive number of Thai The Airport Rail Link, opened in August 2010, connects the city center to Suvarnabhumi Airport to the east. Likewise, Assumption Cathedral on Charoen Krung Road is among many European-style buildings in the Old Farang Quarter, where European diplomats and merchants lived in the late 19th to early 20th centuries. The closest mountain range is the Khao Khiao Massif, about 40 km (25 mi) southeast of the city. In 1782, King Rama I decided to move to a more defensible site and moved across the [89], The Stock Exchange of Thailand (SET) is on Ratchadaphisek Road in inner Bangkok. Shopping venues, many of which are popular with both tourists and locals, range from the shopping centres and department stores concentrated in Siam and Ratchaprasong to the sprawling Chatuchak Weekend Market. Lately, especially in the private sector, there has been much growth in medical tourism, with hospitals such as Bumrungrad and Bangkok Hospital, among others, providing services specifically catering to foreigners. Visitors to Bangkok last month might have been startled to wake up to the sounds of explosions and bangs, but they needn’t have been — for it was locals simply celebrating the Chinese New Year. Horse racing, highly popular at the mid-20th century, still takes place at the Royal Bangkok Sports Club. [39][40], Subsidence has resulted in increased flood risk, as Bangkok is already prone to flooding due to its low elevation and an inadequate drainage infrastructure,[41][42] often compounded by blockage from rubbish pollution (especially plastic waste). The centrally located Bangkok Art and Culture Centre, opened in 2008 following a fifteen-year lobbying campaign, is now the largest public exhibition space in the city. The Grand Palace and Buddhist temples including Wat Arun and Wat Pho stand in contrast with other tourist attractions such as the nightlife scenes of Khaosan Road and Patpong. Bangkok is among the world's top tourist destinations, and has been named the world's most visited city consistently in several international rankings. Traffic and Transportation Department, pp. CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of October 2020 (. Many Thais who recall the full name do so because of its use in the 1989 song "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon" by Thai rock band Asanee–Wasan, the lyrics of which consist entirely of the city's full name, repeated throughout the song.[20]. [35][36][37] A study published in October 2019 in Nature Communications corrected earlier models of coastal elevations[38] and concluded that up to 12 million Thais—mostly in the greater Bangkok metropolitan area—face the prospect of annual flooding events. [132] Motorcycle taxis were previously unregulated, and subject to extortion by organized crime gangs. District councils, elected to four-year terms, serve as advisory bodies to their respective district directors. [32] Many of these canals have since been filled in or paved over, but others still criss-cross the city, serving as major drainage channels and transport routes. British East India Company agent John Crawfurd used detailed company records kept on Prince of Wales's Island (present-day Penang) from 1815 to 1824 to analyze the productivity of the 8,595 Chinese resident there vis-a-vis other ethnic groups. As the name suggests, this is a Chinese festival which marks the beginning of the New Year according to the Chinese calendar. Over the next few decades, the abandoned mud-and-brick structure acquired the shape of a natural hill and became overgrown with weeds. [33], The geology of the Bangkok area is characterized by a top layer of soft marine clay, known as "Bangkok clay", averaging 15 metres (49 ft) in thickness, which overlies an aquifer system consisting of eight known units. Most events since then have been peaceful, but the series of major protests since 2006 have often turned violent. The rainy season begins with the arrival of the southwest monsoon around mid-May. Taxis appear in the form of cars, motorcycles, and "tuk-tuk" auto rickshaws. Baker & Pongpaichit 2005, pp. Thai names are some of the most impressive and fascinating names you will come across. In addition to long-distance services, the SRT also operates a few daily commuter trains running from and to the outskirts of the city during the rush hour. The culture of Bangkok reflects its position as Thailand's centre of wealth and modernisation. [70] Bang Kachao, a 20-square-kilometre (7.7 sq mi) conservation area on an oxbow of the Chao Phraya, lies just across the southern riverbank districts, in Samut Prakan Province. The hot season is generally dry, but also sees occasional summer storms. [22] However, after the coup of 2014 all local elections have been cancelled and the council was appointed by the government on 15 September 2014. Lost in Thailand is a 2012 Chinese comedy film directed and co-written by Xu Zheng and starring Xu Zheng, Wang Baoqiang, and Huang Bo. After the fall of Ayutthaya to the Burmese Empire in 1767, the newly crowned King Taksin established his capital at the town, which became the base of the Thonburi Kingdom. Foreign publications including The Asian Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, The Straits Times and the Yomiuri Shimbun also have operations in Bangkok. [154] Drug trafficking, especially that of ya ba methamphetamine pills, is also chronic. There are many public sporting facilities located throughout Bangkok. During Songkran on 13–15 April, traditional rituals as well as water fights take place throughout the city. A complex elevated expressway network helps bring traffic into and out of the city centre, but Bangkok's rapid growth has put a large strain on infrastructure, and traffic jams have plagued the city since the 1990s. The BMA is largely responsible for overseeing the construction and maintenance of the road network and transport systems through its Public Works Department and Traffic and Transportation Department. The BMA gives an elevation figure of 2.31 metres (7 ft 7 in). A 1993 study found dog bites to constitute 5.3 percent of injuries seen at Siriraj Hospital's emergency department. [9] Because of its strategic location near the mouth of the river, the town gradually increased in importance. Long-tail boats operate on fifteen regular routes on the Chao Phraya, and passenger ferries at thirty-two river crossings served an average of 136,927 daily passengers in 2010. Bangkok (translating [66], Bangkok's largest parks include the centrally located Lumphini Park near the Si Lom – Sathon business district with an area of 57.6 hectares (142 acres), the 80-hectare (200-acre) Suanluang Rama IX in the east of the city, and the Chatuchak–Queen Sirikit–Wachirabenchathat park complex in northern Bangkok, which has a combined area of 92 hectares (230 acres). [110], In 2015, however, the BMA, with support from the National Council for Peace and Order (Thailand's ruling military junta), began cracking down on street vendors in a bid to reclaim public space. .. . never have even heard of it being called that. [10], Bangkok's economy gradually expanded through international trade, first with China, then with Western merchants returning in the early-to-mid 19th century. [134] The MRT opened for use in July 2004, and currently consists of two lines, the Blue Line and Purple Line. [11], As Thailand allied with Japan in World War II, Bangkok was subjected to Allied bombing, but rapidly grew in the post-war period as a result of US aid and government-sponsored investment. 37–41, 45, 52–71, 149–150, 162, 199–204. Since Taksin’s Period (Thonburi Kingdom; 1768–1782) a procession called “Jim Khong” (จิ้มก้อง;进贡) or Imperial Chinese tributary system. Bangkok is the city's official English name, as reflected in the name of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. Another [71], The city of Bangkok has a population of 8,305,218 according to the 2010 census, or 12.6 percent of the national population,[4] while 2020 estimates place the figure at 10.539 million (15.3 percent). Most of these bicycle lanes share the pavement with pedestrians. The current Bangkok Governor is Police General Aswin Kwanmuang, who was appointed by the military government on 26 October 2016[23] following the suspension of the last elected governor M.R. Korn Serirojjanasiri, 74, and Wattana Techanawakul, 67, were confirmed dead by the police after the shooting occurred around 1pm on Tuesday inside the Thai Group Textile tailor shop in Soi Yaowarat 23. With the modernization, parents are adopting shorter names, unlike long names in the previous era. [24] Many of these services are provided jointly with other agencies. Bangkok is still nevertheless home to a large Chinese community, with the greatest concentration in Yaowarat, Bangkok's Chinatown. [142] Suvarnabhumi is undergoing expansion to increase its capacity to 60 million passengers by 2019 and 90 million by 2021. Sanam Luang is the site of the Thai Kite, Sport and Music Festival, usually held in March, and the Royal Ploughing Ceremony which takes place in May. The council is the BMA's legislative body, and has power over municipal ordinances and the city's budget. Bangkok Chinese Restaurant: Funny name for Chinese .. - See 56 traveler reviews, 7 candid photos, and great deals for Nairobi, Kenya, at Tripadvisor. [c] The city occupies 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 sq mi) in the Chao Phraya River delta in central Thailand and has an estimated population of 10.539 million as of 2020, 15.3 percent of the country's population. In 2011, most of Bangkok's northern, eastern and western districts were flooded, in some places for over two months. Copyright 2013-2017 travelloco. Seventeen Thai companies are listed on the Forbes 2000, all of which are based in the capital,[93] including PTT, the only Fortune Global 500 company in Thailand. Newer expatriate communities exist along Sukhumvit Road, including the Japanese community near Soi Phrom Phong and Soi Thong Lo, and the Arab and North African neighbourhood along Soi Nana. The majority (91 percent) of the city's population is Buddhist. [153] The 1990s saw the emergence of vehicle theft and organized crime, particularly by foreign gangs. never since caught up with the name change and the old name of Bangkok has stuck. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese simplified Dictionary. The name Bangkok, used commonly by foreigners, is, according to one interpretation, derived from a name that dates to the time before the city … This feature has contributed to the effects of subsidence caused by extensive ground water pumping. Bangkok is divided into fifty districts (khet, equivalent to amphoe in the other provinces), which are further subdivided into 180 sub-districts (khwaeng, equivalent to tambon). The Indian community is centred in Phahurat, where the Gurdwara Siri Guru Singh Sabha, founded in 1933, is located. From now on Mr. Sh will adopt the English name Geordie on the basis that he is from the North East, is hard as nails, loves a laugh, is an honest, hard working fella and knows how to party. 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